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American Civil War 2

People and Significant Battles of the American Civil War

TermDefinition
Abraham Lincoln The President of the United States during the Civil War
Jefferson Davis The President of the Confederate States during the Civil War
General Ulysses S. Grant The Union General who led the Union to victory at Vicksburg and Chattanooga then ultimately to the end of the Civil War
General Robert E. Lee The supreme general of the Confederate Army who had turned down President Lincoln’s offer to command the Union Army when he learned that his home state of Virginia had seceded from the Union
General William Sherman The Union General who fought in the Battles of Bull Run, Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, although he is best known for his “March to the Sea,” where he captured the city of Atlanta then marched through Georgia to the sea, destroying everything
Fort Sumter The first shots of the Civil War were fired by Confederate soldiers when they attacked this fort in Charleston, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861
Vicksburg Winning this battle (fought in Mississippi) gave the Union control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederate states in two
Antietam Fought in Maryland in September of 1862 and won by the Union, this battle led to the death or injury of more than 23,000 men on both sides and has been known as one of the bloodiest battles in the history of the United States
Gettysburg One of only two battles fought in the North (from July 1-3, 1863), it was the site of one of President Lincoln’s most famous speeches
Appomattox Courthouse The location in of the courthouse in Virginia where General Lee formally surrendered to General Grant, ending the Civil War
Border States The name for the five states, including Kentucky, that did not secede from the Union but had people who sided with the South (which sometimes caused family members residing in these states to fight against each other
Clara Barton Nicknamed “The Angel of the Battlefield,” this Union nurse later founded the American Red Cross
South Carolina The first state to secede from the Union in December 1860
Created by: Rvanmeter
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