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AS PE Applied Phys 2

AQA AS PE Applied Physiology 2

TermDefinition
Explain the principle of training - Specificity Making training specific to the demands of the activity Must be relevant to muscle groups, skill/sport/position being performed, energy system - aerobic/anaerobic, muscle fibres – fast /slow, intensity, duration,
Explain the principle of training - Progression Gradually increasing the level of workload in training as the body adapts and fitness improves You will gain adaptations that we call improved fitness. Must include proper rest and recovery or can lead to exhaustion and injury
Explain the principle of training - Overload and how FITT can be applied Improvements in fitness result from exercising harder than normal Increasing the training load by adapting the following: Frequency How often Intensity How hard Time How long Type Doing what Continuous, interval
Explain the principle of training - Overtraining Training too hard & not allowing sufficient time for the body to adapt to the training loads Signs:appetite, moodiness/irritable, altered sleeping pattern, decrease motivation, muscle soreness
Explain the principle of training -Reversibility Is the idea that you lose fitness faster than you gain it - don’t use it you lose it. Breaks in training due to injury or off-season - loss of fitness at approximately one-third of the rate of speed that it was gained.
Explain the principle of training - Tedium Training the same way all the time is boring; everybody needs variation in their training Rowers don’t always row on rivers = use machines, cycling, climbing, weights, circuits – all using same muscle groups
What methods can a performer use to calculate intensity of workloads for CV and strength training? Borg Scale Heart Rate Training Zones or Karvonen's method 1 rep max
How are target heart rate zones calculated using Karvonen's method? (Heart rate range x intensity %) + (resting heart rate)
How would reps and intensity vary to improve muscular endurance and muscle strength? Strength High Weight –75% 1RPMax Low Reps Muscular Endurance Low Weight – 50% 1 RPMax High Rep
Created by: Havoth
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