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US History 14 and 15

TermDefinition
Nativists Americans who opposed immigration.
Know-Nothing Party Nativists in 1849 founded a political organization that supported measures making it difficult for foreigners to become citizens or hold office.
Middle Class A social and economic level between the wealthy and the poor.
Tenements Poorly designed apartment buildings that housed large numbers of people.
Transcendentalism The belief that people could transcend, or rise above, material things in life.
Utopian Society Groups of people who tried to form a perfect society.
Edgar Allan Poe Short story writer who wrote "The Raven"
Second Great Awakening During the 1790s and early 1800's, some Americans took part in a Christian renewal movement.
Charles Finney Most important leader of the Second Great Awakening
Temperance movement This reform effort urged people to stop drinking hard liquor.
Dorothea Dix A middle class reformer who visited prisons throughout Massachusetts.
Common-school movement Wanted all children taught in a common place, regardless of background.
Catharine Beecher Started an all-female academy in Hartford, Connecticut.
Thomas Gallaudet Improved education and lives of people with hearing impairments.
Aboltion Complete end to slavery
William Garrison Published a abolitionist newspaper, "The Liberator."
American Anti-Slavery Society It's members wanted immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans.
Frederick Douglass Escaped from slavery when he was 20 and became one for the most important African American leaders.
Sojourner Truth She claimed god had called her to travel through the US and preach the truth about slavery and women's rights.
Seneca Falls Convention The first public meeting about women's rights in the US.
Declaration of Sentiments This document detailed beliefs about social injustice toward women.
Lucy Stone Gifted speaker for women's rights
Susan B. Anthony She brought strong organizational skills to the women's rights movement.
Popular sovereignty The idea that political power belongs to the people.
Wilmot Proviso A document stating that "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory."
Sectionalism Favoring the interest of one section or region over the interests of the entire country.
Free-Soil Party Supported the Wilmot Proviso
Secede Formally withdraw from the union.
Compromise of 1850 California could enter the union
Anthony Burns Arrested in 1854 for being a fugitive slave
Franklin Pierce A little Known politician from New Hampshire, promised to honor the compromise of 1850.
Stephen Douglas supported the idea of building a railroad to the pacific ocean
Republican Party Political party united against the spread of slavery in the West
Lincoln-Douglas debates Lincoln challenged Douglas in what become known as
Freeport Doctrine This nation that the police would enforce the voters' decision if it contradicted the Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case
John Brown's raid Began when john brown and his men took over the arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hopes of starting a slave rebellion
John Breckinridge Of Kentucky, who supported slavery in the territories
John Bell Constitutional union parties candidate
Confederate States of America Mississipi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas also seceded to form this
Jefferson Davis Of Mississipi as president of the Confederacy
Created by: warman836
Popular U.S. History sets

 

 



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