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5th Gr Chap 8 L3+4

5th Grade Chapter 8 Lessons 3 and 4

Key ItemDefinition
ratify to approve
Federalists Citizens who were in favor of ratifying the Constitution. It will later become one of the first political parties. This party will favor a very strong national government and be led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams.
Antifederalists Citizens who were against ratification of the Constitution. They did not want a strong national government. They did not ratify the Constitution until the Bill of Rights was added.
due process of law The principle that guarantees that people have the right to a fair trial by jury.
reserved powers Authority that belongs to the states or to the people.
Cabinet A group of the President's most important advisers.
political party A group of people that tries to elect officials who will support it's policies.
John Adams He was the leader of the Federalist Party and the first vice president of the United States.
Alexander Hamilton He wanted a strong national government. He was a Federalist. He was the Secretary of Treasury in George Washington's Cabinet.
Thomas Jefferson Leader the Democratic Republicans. He favored strong state governments. He was the Secretary of State in George Washington's cabinet.
Benjamin Banneker He was a free African American who helped architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant plan Washington, D.C. in 1800.
Henry Knox Secretary of War in George Washington's cabinet.
Washington, D.C. The capital of the Untied States; located between Maryland and Virginia, a special district that is not part of any state.
George Washington He was the first president of the United States and was elected for two terms. He set many of the traditions and standards the presidents follow.
checks and balances A system that keeps each branch of government from becoming too powerful or misusing its authority.
union An alliance that works to reach common goals.
popular sovereignty The idea that the government get it's power from the citizens.
democracy A form of government in which the people rule and are free to make choices about their lives and their government.
public agenda What the people want from the government.
suffrage The right to vote
civic virtue qualities that add to a healthy democracy; obey the laws, pay taxes, serve on a jury.
naturalization The process of becoming a legal citizen of the United States.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings