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Chapter12 Vocabulary

Social Studies Test

John Quincy Adams Monroe's Secretary of State; New England's choice for President
Andrew Jackson a former military hero from Tennessee; the South's choice for President
Jackson democracy the idea of spreading political power to all the people, thereby ensuring majority rule
spoils system the practice of winning candidates giving government jobs to political backers or supporters
Sequoya a brilliant Cherokee that invented a writing system for the Cherokee language in 1821
Indian Removal Act this 1830 act called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require Native Americans to relocate west
Indian Territory present-day Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska to which Native Americans were moved under the Indian Removal Act of 1830
Trail of Tears the tragic journey of the Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory between 1838 and 1839; thousands of Cherokee died
Osceola one of the most important leaders in the war; used surprise attacks to defeat the U.S. Army; tricked into capture when he came to peace talks during a truce and later died in prison
John C. Caloun was elected to the U.S. Congress at the age of 28 and he supported the need for a strong, central government
Tariff of Abominations an 1828 law that raised the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured goods; it upset the Southerners who felt that economic interests of the Northeast were determining national economic policy
Doctrine of Nullification a right of a state to reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional
Webster-Hayne Debate an 1830 debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over the doctrine of nullification
Daniel Webster a senator from Massachusetts and the most powerful speaker of his time
Secession withdrawl
inflation an increase in the price of goods and services and a decrease in the value of money
Martin Van Buren vice-president to Jackson and elected president in 1836
Panic of 1837 a financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed
depression a severe economic slump
Whig Party a political party organized in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
William Henry Harrison in 1840 Whigs hose him to run for president because of his military record and his lack of strong political views; he led the army, defeated the Shawnees in 1811, and ended up winning the election
John Tyler Whigs chose him to run for president but Harrison was more popular, so he ended up losing the election
Created by: cassie35915