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Civil War Causes

causes of the civil war acts and agreements and debates

Missouri Compromise to preserve balance in congress between slave and free states
Missouri Compromise Missouri was a slave state and Maine as a free state and enters union.
Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36* 30 latitude line
Missouri Compromise continues status quo of keeping free and slave equal. This only creates a larger divide between free and slave states.
Compromise of 1850 California would be a free state. Remainder of Mexican cession would be divided into two territories
Compromise of 1850 New Mexico and Utah, and the territories would decide by popular sovereignty whether to be slave state or free
Compromise of 1850 slave trade would be banished in DC and congress would strengthen the fugitive slave act
Compromise of 1850 Ends status quo of trying to keep free and slave equal. The north ends up with more political power.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe published in 1852. Helped lay the groundwork for the civil war.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Depicts the reality of slavery while asserting christian love can overcome something as destructive and cruel as slavery from a fellow human being.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Evokes emotions to move someone to action for slaves. But it enrages the south.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Allow Kansas and Nebraska popular sovereignty. Pro and anti slavery groups Neb. and Kansas to swing the vote.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Conflicts between the two groups break out into bloodshed. “Bleeding Kansas” A shift from a fight of words to a fight with physical violence.
Dred Scott Decision The court held that Scott was not free based on his residence in either Illinois or Wisconsin because he was not considered a person under the U.S. Constitution
Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott was the property of his owner, and property could not be taken from a person without due process of law
Dred Scott Decision "no free states"
John Brown and HP abolitionist who seized the arsenal and wanted AA to join in a revolt. They did not join
John Brown and HP Brown was placed on trial and charged with treason against the state of Virginia, murder, and slave insurrection. Brown was sentenced to death and hanged in December.
Lincoln Douglas Debate 1. was the running for the senate seat of Illinois 2. who could determine a state to be free or slave
Lincoln_Douglas Debate *Douglas- says the people have popular sovereignty *Lincoln- Federal Government should make decisions
Lincoln-Douglas Debate The south did not like either opinion and felt uneasy about both arguments. The debate is known all across the US which gives Lincoln fame.
Election of 1860 1. Douglas- Democrat- north 2. Lincoln- Republican- north 3. Bell- Constitutional Union- Border 4. Breckenridge- Democrat- south
Election of 1860 Lincoln wins with only 40% of the popular vote, but 180 electoral votes.
Election of 1860 Not one southern state voted for Lincoln. South felt politically powerless. Afraid Lincoln will end slavery.
Created by: 18sextonjerriann