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Causes of the Civil

The 8 major things that caused the Civil War

The Missouri Compromise 1st thing it did Made Maine a free state
The Missouri Compromise 2nd thing it did Made Missouri a slave state
The Missouri Compromise 3rd thing it did It prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line.
The Missouri Compromise How it caused the civil war It continues the status quo (way thing have been done and will always be done. not changing) of keeping free and slave states equal. This only creates a larger divided between free and slave states.
Compromise of 1860 1st thing it did It prohibited any slave trade in Washington D.C.
Compromise of 1860 2nd thing it did Made California a free state
Compromise of 1860 3rd thing it did New Mexico and Utah territories were given popular sovereignty (power to chose free or slave)
Compromise of 1860 How it caused the Civil War Ends the status quo of trying to keep free and slave equal. The North ends up with more political power.
Uncle Tom's Cabin 1st thing it did The purpose was to evoke emotions to move someone to action for slaves.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Who wrote and what was it about? The book was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and describes the hard life of a slave.
Uncle Tom's Cabin How it caused the Civil War It encourages the North to rethink slavery, but it enrages the South. It enraged them because the book only told the worse things that could happen to a slave, but not things that happened often. only ¼ of the south owned slaves.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act 1st thing it did Allowed Kansas and Nebraska to have popular sovereignty
The Kansas-Nebraska Act What happened because of popular sovereignty? Pro and anti-slavery groups flooded Kansas to swing the vote.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act What happened as a result of everyone coming to Kansas? Conflicts between the two groups breaks out into blood shed. “Bleeding Kansas”
The Kansas-Nebraska Act How it caused the Civil War A shift from a fight with words to a fight with physical violence.
The Dred Scott Decision What was it? A slave (Dred Scott) went to trial to sue his master for freedom.
The Dred Scott Decision Why did he want to sue his master? He and his master lived for a time in a free state.
The Dred Scott Decision What did the Supreme Court say? The Supreme Court decides that African Americans are not citizens, even if they were free blacks. This meant they could not sue in federal court.
The Dred Scott Decision If slaves weren't citizens, then what were they? Slaves are property and can be taken anywhere.
The Dred Scott Decision How it caused the Civil War With this decision, there are no more free states.
John Brown and Harpers Ferry What did John Brown plan to steal and why? John Brown was an abolitionist that wanted to violently overthrow the slave system taking a Federal Armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia (arsenal).
John Brown and Harpers Ferry Who defeated him and why did he lose? The slaves do not join him because they believe his plan would fail. He and his 20 men were defeated by Robert E. Lee and his men.
John Brown and Harpers Ferry How it caused the Civil War Although the raid failed, it inflamed sectional tensions and raised the stakes for the 1860 presidential election. Brown's raid helped make any further accommodation between North and South nearly impossible.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates What seat in government were they both running for? Both Abraham and Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglass were running for the Senate seat of Illinois.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates What were the debates mainly about? The debates were mainly about who could determine a state to be Free or Slave.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates What did each person say about it? Douglas says that the people should have popular sovereignty. Lincoln says that the federal government should get to decide.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Why was this good for Lincoln? Although Lincoln lost the election, these debates launched him into national prominence which eventually led to his election as President of the United States.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates How it caused the Civil War The south felt uneasy about both arguments. The debate is known all across the U.S. and Lincoln gains his fame
Election of 1860 Who were the candidates? What were their regions and parties? Abraham Lincoln - Republican - north Stephen Douglas - Democrat - north John Breckenridge - Democrat - south John Bell - Constitutional Union - border
Election of 1860 What were the results? Lincoln won with only 40% of the popular vote, but he got 180 electoral votes.
Election of 1860 How it caused the Civil War Not one southern state voted for Lincoln. The south felt politically powerless and were afraid Lincoln will ban slavery.
Created by: 18millerj