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Causes Civil War

The Missouri Compromise Maine and Missouri enter the Union as a Free State
The Missouri Compromise 36*30 line, North is free, South is slave Cause: Continuing the status quo by trying to keep slave and free states equal in number. Creates a larger divide between Free and Slave states
Compromise of 1850 1. California enters Union as a Free state
Compromise of 1850 2. The territories of New Mexico and Utah get to choose Free or Slave (popular sovereignty)
Compromise of 1850 3. DC bans slave trade, Fugitive Slave Act is strengthened.It was a group of acts passed by the congress, they had hoped it would settle questions on slavery.
Compromise of 1850 Cause: Status quo of equal number of Free and Slave is broken. The North gains the power.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's Cabin Story is about slaves living on a plantation: She talks about the hard life that slaves live
Uncle Tom's Cabin Cause: Purpose was to cause an emotional response for people for people to help these slaves. Causes a culture shift that grows the abolitionists movement.
Kansas Nebraska Act 1854 This moved the fight about slavery from words to violence.
The Dred Scott Decision 1857 Slave who sued his master for his freedom, claimed that because he lived in a free state for a time period he should also be free. Supreme court said slaves were not citizens. Also said that slaves were property.
The Dred Scott Decision 1857 Cause: It creates a bigger divide, creates more tension for free and slave states b/c this ruling opened the door to slavery in all states.
John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859 Abolitionist who planned an armed revolt by the slaves. Planned to capture the federal army in a harpers Ferry. John Brown is tried and hung.
John Brown and Harper’s Ferry, 1859 Cause: Creates attention for the abolitionist movement. Radical elements who are willing to fight for this cause.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859 Both are running for an Illinois Senate seat.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859 The debate focused on the issue who had the power to decide if a state was free or slave.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859 ***Douglas: He wanted popular sovereignty ***Lincoln: Federal Government
Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858-1859 Cause: South does not like either ideas. Popularity of the debate draws attention.
Election of 1860 Douglas - Northern - Democrats Lincoln - Northern - Republican Bell - Constitutional Union - Border John - Breckinridge - Democrat - South
Election of 1860 Lincoln Wins the Election by 40% of the popular vote. He wins 180 of the 303 electoral votes. Nine southern states did not cast one vote for Lincoln. The south feels politically powerless. They fear that Lincoln will ban slavery.
Created by: 18horstmannf