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Civil War

TermDefinition
The Missouri Compromise 36 degree 30 parallel, North is free and South is slave
The Missouri Compromise Maine enters the Union as a Free state
The Missouri Compromise Missouri enters the Union as a Slave state
The Missouri Compromise Cause:Continue the status quo by trying to keep slave and free states equal in number. Creates a larger divide between Free and slave states.
Compromise of 1850 California enters US as a free state, Territories of New Mexico and Utah get popular sovereignty Kansas Nebraska Act
Compromise of 1850 D.C Bans slave trade, Fugitive Slave Act is strengthened
Compromise of 1850 The territories of New Mexico and Utah get to choose free or slave (popular sovereignty)
Compromise of 1850 Cause: The status quo of equal number of free and slave is broken. North gains the power
Uncle Tom's Cabin Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's Cabin The story is about slaves living on a plantation, hard life that slaves live
Uncle Tom's Cabin Cause: Purpose was to cause an emotional response for people to help those slaves. Causes a culture shift that grows the abolitionist movement
The Kansas Nebraska Act Kansas and Nebraska when they applied for statehood were given popular sovereignty
The Kansas Nebraska Act Pro and Anti-slavery groups pour into Kansas to swing the vote. Violence breaks out on both sides. “Bleeding Kansas” Cause: This moved the fight over slavery to one of words to one of violence.
The Dred Scott Decision Slave,who sued his master for his freedom. Claimed that because he lived in a free state he should also be free. Supreme Court said African Americans weren't citizens. Also, said that slaves were property.
The Dred Scott Decision Cause: More tension between free and slave states because this ruling opened the door to slavery in all states.
John Brown and Harper's Ferry Abolitionist who planned an armed revolt by the slaves. Planned to capture the Federal Armory in Harpers Ferry. John Brown is tried and hung.
John Brown and Harper's Ferry Cause: Creates attention for the Abolitionist movement. Radical elements who are willing to fight for this cause.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Both are running for an Illinois Senate seat.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Debate focused on the issue “who had the power to decide if a state was Free or Slave.” Douglas: Popular Sovereignty. Lincoln: The federal government.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Cause: South does not like either idea. Popularity of the debate draws national attention.
Election of 1860 Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckenridge, Abraham Lincoln, and John Bell.
Election of 1860 John was a constitutional union from the border, Douglass was a democrat from the north. Abraham Lincoln was a republican from the north. Breckenridge was a democrat from the south.
Election of 1860 Results: Lincoln wins the election with 40 percent of the popular vote. Lincoln wins 180 of the 303 Electoral Votes.
Election of 1860 Cause: 9 southern states did not cast 1 vote for Lincoln. South feels politically powerless, they fear that Lincoln will ban slavery.
Created by: 18ShuttH