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Civil War

Events Leading to Civil War

Missouri entered the Union as a slave state Missouri Compromise
Maine entered the Union as a free state Missouri Compromise
36 degree 30 line established a boundary between free and slave regions Missouri Compromise
California entered the Union as a free state Compromise of 1850
The rest of the Mexican Cession was divided into Utah and New Mexico and popular sovereignty decides the issue of slavery Compromise of 1850
Slave trade is banned in Washington D.C. Compromise of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Law requires all citizens to return slaves to their owner Compromise of 1850
Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about the life of slaves suffered by cruel plantation owners Uncle Tom's Cabin
The purpose of the book was to use emotions to get people to take action against the issue of slavery Uncle Tom's Cabin
Divided the rest of the Louisiana Purchase into the territories of Kansas and Nebraska Kansas-Nebraska Act
Removed the 36 degree 30 line Kansas-Nebraska Act
Popular sovereignty will decide the issue of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska Kansas-Nebraska Act
Declared slaves were not citizens of the U.S. Dred Scott Decision
Declared slaves were property of their owners Dred Scott Decision
Living on free soil doesn't make a slave free Dred Scott Decison
Declared the 36-30 line was unconstitutional Dred Scott Decision
A radical abolitionist who wanted to raid a federal armory and start a revolt to abolish slavery John Brown's Raid
Debates focused on who should determine if a new state would be a free or slave state Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Debates were held to see who would become the new senator for Illinois Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Douglas believed in popular sovereignty to decide slavery Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Lincoln believed the federal government should decide the issue of slavery Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Lincoln wins the election for presidency with 40% of the popular vote Election of 1860
Lincoln had no electoral votes in 9 southern states Election of 1860
Stephen Douglas was a democrat from the North Election of 186o
Abraham Lincoln was a republican from the North Election of 1860
John Breckenridge was a democrat from the South Election of 1860
John Bell was from the Constitutional Union party from the border states Election of 1860
No Southern states voted for Lincoln as president and this made the South feel powerless Election of 1860
The southerners are not impressed with either Lincoln or Douglas and prefer the Dred Scott Decision on the issue of slavery Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Southerners worried other people might try to raid and kill others who wanted slavery and caused fear and unrest in the country John Brown's Raid
The ruling stunned the northerners by revoking the 36-30 line and feared the spread of slavery into free states and terrotories Dred Scott Decision
The fighting shifted from words to physical violence over the issue of slavery for the first time The Kansas-Nebraska Act
This book evoked emotion in people to do something to stop slavery by showing the inhumane treatment of slaves Uncle Tom's Cabin
This was the end of the status quo,the North gains more free states than slave states in the south Compromise of 1850
The passage of the Fugitive Slave Act was the most controversial because all citizens had to return runaway slaves Compromise of 1850
The 36-30 line will eventually create more free states than slaves states but for now continues the status quo Missouri Compromise
Created by: Mary Jane Lorson