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U.S history B

TermDefinition
Hooverville popular name for towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.
Lend-Lease Act a policy, was An Act to Promote the Defense of the U.S
Internment Camps War Relocation Camps over 110,000 people who lived on the Pacific coast of the U.S
Marshall Plan Americas plan to aid Europe by giving them economic support
Highway Act of 1956 accomplishment of the Eisenhower administration, authorized $25 billion for a ten- year project that built over 40,000 miles of interstate highways.
Vietnamization a policy of the Richard Nixon administration during the Vietnam War to end the U.S.' involvement in the war
Containment a United States policy to prevent the spread of communism abroad
Domino Theory a theory that speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then other countries would follow in effect.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution- - resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964,
McCarthyism the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence
Red Scare - promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents.
Freedom rides civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961
Sit-ins one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.
Bus Boycotts a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
SNCC - was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s
SCLC – “Southern Christian Leadership Conference” an African-American civil rights organization
Nation of Islam a new religious movement founded in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930
Black Panthers - a black revolutionary socialist organization active in the United States from 1966 until 1982
The New Frontier used by liberal, Democratic[1] presidential candidate John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election
The Great Society a set of domestic programs in the United States first announced by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson
The Manhattan Project - a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.
Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group on 17 April 1961
Cuban Missile Crisis a 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other side.
The Berlin Airlift- one of the first major international crises of the Cold War
Watergate Scandal - a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C
Roe v. Wade - a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion
Reaganomics - the economic policies promoted by U.S. President Ronald Reagan during the 1980s and still widely practiced.
Plessy vs. Ferguson a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States
Korematsu vs. The U.S.- a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066
Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
Truman Doctrine international relations policy set forth by the U.S. President Harry Truman in a speech
Great Depression a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II.
New Frontier used by liberal, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election
The New Deal a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936, and a few that came later.
Gandi a French company providing domain name registration, web hosting, and related services.
Dr. Martin Luther a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation.
18th Amendment- effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production
Fidel Castro a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who was Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008
Ceasar Chavez an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States first announced by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson
The U.S. Roadway Act the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act(Public Law 84-627), was enacted on June 29, 1956, when Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law.
Korean War- was a war between the Republic of Korea supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
The Marshall Plan - was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II
Zero Tolerance policy imposes automatic punishment for infractions of a stated rule
Rosa Parks an African- American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress
Selma - a city in and the county seat of Dallas County, in the Black Belt region of lower west Alabama
Civilian Conservation Corps a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families, ages 18–25 as part of the New Deal.
National Recovery Act a law passed by the United States Congress in 1933 to authorize the President to regulate industry in an attempt to raise prices after severe deflation and stimulate economic recovery.
Tennessee Valley Authority a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in theTennessee Valley
Pearl Harbor- a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu
Manhattan Project- a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.
Hitler an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party
Cold War a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc
Woodstock- - a music festival, billed as "An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music"
Reagan an American actor and politician.
Guerilla warfare a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics
Sandra Day O’Connor - a retired United States Supreme Court justice, and in 2013 was listed as a NAFTA adjudicator.
Baby Boom any period marked by a greatly increased birth rate.
Joseph McCarthy an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957
Nixon and the People’s Republic of China an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States (U.S.) and the People's Republic of China
Created by: ViridianaB