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Chapter 24-25

Sahel The region in Africa just south of the Sahara
Colonialism The system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw materials and markets for their products
Plateau An area of high flat land
Escarpment A steep cliff that separates two level areas by differing elevations
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates, small evergreen trees and low bushes or scrub
Savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees located in the warm lands near the Equator
Oral History History passed down by word of mouth
Nomadic Herding The practice of moving flocks to different pastures throughout the year
Leaching The dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil
Land degradation Reduction in the productive potential of the land
Population Density The average number of people living in a given area
Delta The land that forms at the mouth of some rivers by soil that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea
Fellaheen Egyptian peasants
Sandstorm A windstorm that blows hot air dust and grit
Bazaar An open air market a street lined with shops and stalls
Basin Irrigation A system by which water and silt were controlled by embankments and time released to irrigate farmlands
Reservoir A natural or artificial lake used to collect water for human needs
Perennial Irrigation An irrigation system that provides necessary water to the land throughout the year
Capital Wealth in the form on money or property owned or used in business
Wadi A usually dry reverbed or gully that temporarily holds water from a sudden downpour
Caravan A large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
Medina The old section of a North African City, usually centered around a mosque
Souk A in an Arab Community
Created by: tjleverett21