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Civil War Terms

4th Grade Social Studies

Civil war. Civilian war or citizen war.
North Industrial-factories-small farms-big cities.
South big plantations-King cotton.
Territory An area of land that belongs to the Government.
Abolitionist Persons who are against slavery.
Tariff. A tax on goods.
Cotton gin A machine invented by Eli whitney that took seeds out of cotton.
Missouri Compromise of 1820. A law passed by Congress created an imaginary East to West through the Louisiana territory allowing slavery in some areas and one in other areas.
State Rats. The belief that each state should be able to make its own decision about issues affecting it.
Fugitive slave law. Passed in Congress That required police in free states to help capture escaping slaves.
Uncle Tom's Cabin. A book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that made people understand the atrocities of slavery.the book protested the Fugitive slave aw -sold 3,000
Underground Railroad A net work of people who would risk breaking the law to hide runaway slaves.
John Brown1 Held a gun in one hand and a bible in another.A strong believer in no slavery and he raided the town of harpers Ferry-
john brown2 Captured the U.S arsenal . Freed slaves And captured plantation owners-Robert E Lee captured him.
John Brown3 He was hanged and was known as the martyr for the North.
Bleeding Kansas Many people died in Fighting Whether there should be slavery or not in Kansas.
Missouri Compromise of 1850. Allowing the people in the territories to decide slavery for themselves And obtaining the Norths agreement to obey the Fugitive slave law.
Martyr A person who dies or goes to jail for a cause.
Dred Scott Decision Supreme court decision that said slaves were private property.
Northern U.S.A- union blue Abe Lincoln President.(Washington D.C -capitol)
Southern C.S.A Confederate gray-Jefferson Davis-president. Richmond, Va(Capitol) 100 miles apart.
November 6, 1860 lincoln elected as president-close race
December 22 1860 South carolina seceded from the union and 8 more states followed.
March 4, 1861 lincoln took office.
April 12 ,1861 civil war began at s.c at fort sumter-first shots by confederates.
seceded to break away from a group
facts on battle all civil war battles fought in the south except for two. North named its battles after a stream or a run-south named it aftert he nearest town.
Merimac south Iron clad ship.
moniter north ironclad ship.
Emanciption proclamation January 1,1863-President lincoln declared that all slaves were free men
Created by: lwood22