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Civil War Terms

fourth grade unit

TermDefinition
Civil War Civilian War or Citizen War
North industrial - factories - small farms - big cities
South large plantations - king cotton
Territory an area of land that belongs to a goverment
Abolitionist people who are against slavery
Teriff a tax on goods
Cotton Gin a machine invented by Eli Whitney that took seeds out of cotton
State Rights the belief that each state should be allowed to make its own decision about issues affecting it
Fugitive Slave Law passed in congress that required police in free states to help capture escaping
Missouri Compromise of 1820 a law passed by congress created an imaginary from east to west through the Luisiana territory
Missouri Compromise of 1820 2 allowing slavery in some area and outlawing slavery in others
Uncle Tom's Cabin a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that made people understand the atrocities of slavery. The book protested the fugitive slave law -
Uncle Tom's Cabin 2 sold 3,00
Underground Railroad a network of people who would risk breaking the law to hide runaway slaves
John Brown held a gun in one hand and a Bible in another. A strong believer in no slavery and he raided the town of Harpers Ferry - captured the U.S.
John Brown 2 arsenal, freed slaves and captured plantation owners - Robert E Lee captured him. He was hanged and known as a Martyr for the North
Bleeding Kansas many people died in fighting whether there should be slavery in Kansas or not
Missouri Compromise of 1850 allowing the people in the territories to decide slavery for themselves and obtaining the North's agreement to obey the fugitive slave law
Martyr a person dies or goes to jail for a good cause
Dred Scott Decision supreme court decision that said slaves were private property
Northern U.S.A.-Union-blue Abraham Lincoln President (Washington D.C.-capitol
Southern C.S.A Confederate -gray-Jefferson Davis-President Richmond, Virginia (capitol)-100 miles apart
November 6, 1860 Lincoln elected as president- close race
December 22, 1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union and 8 more states followed
March 4, 1861 Lincoln took office
April 12, 1861 Civil War began at Fort Sumter in the S.C. - first shots by the confederates
Secede to break away from a group
Facts on battles all Civil War battles fought in the South except for two. North named it's battles after a stream or a run - South named it after the nearest
Facts on battles 2 town
Merrimac South Ironclad ship
Monitor North Ironclad ship
Emancipation Proclomation January 1, 1863 -President Lincoln declared that all slaves were free men
Created by: sbramen1