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Chapter 23 vocab

World War I

Imperialism This is the practice of extending a nation's power by gaining territories for a colonial empire.
Isolationism This is when a nation wants to avoid involvement in other countries' affairs.
Militarism An increase in the importance of a country's military
Archduke Francis Ferdinand This man was the heir to the throne i Austria-Hungary. He and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist. His death was the spark that led to WWI.
Central Powers This alliance during WWI included Germany, Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
Allied Powers During WWI, this group of allies fought the Central Powers.
Trench Warfare This new type of fighting involved troops digging and fighting from deep ditches.
Stalemate This is a situation in which neither side can win a decisive victory.
U-Boats This is the nickname for "Untersee boats" or German submarines.
Lusitania This was a British passenger liner carrying 1200 people (some Americans) that was sunk by a German U-boat.
Zimmerman Note This was a telegram in which Mexico was encouraged to declare war on the US in exchange for Germany returning some territory to Mexico.
Communists This is when people believe in the political system in which all resources are shared equally.
Reparations These are financial payments made by the side defeated in a war.
Treaty of Versaille In 1919, this brought an end to WWI, even though the US never ratified it.
Created by: Sandberg
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