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Science Exam


Nucleus (animal and plant) contains the cell's DNA and is the control center of the cell.
Ribosomes (both) the site where amino acids are hooked together, to make proteins.
golgi complex processes and transports materials out of the cell
Mitochondrion (both) break down food molecules to make ATP
ribosomes(Both) site where amino acids are hooked together to make proteins.
cell membrane (both) surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
cytoplasm (both) Cytoplasm is present within the cell membrane of all cell types and contains all organelles and cell parts.
cell wall (plant) the rigid outer covering of a typical plant cell, composed mainly of cellulose and lying outside the cell membrane
vacuole (plant) stores water and materials
chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
What is DNA a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.
What is phenotype an organisms inherited appearance
what is a genotype an organisms genetic makeup, or allele
what are alleles? the different forms of a gene in the cell nucleus during cell division.
what are chromosomes? a coiled structure of DNA and protein that forms in the cell nucleus during cell division
What is selected breeding? the breeding of organisms that have a certain desired traits?
How do viruses infect human hosts? once inside a cell a virus's genetic material takes over many of the cells functions it instructs the cell to produce the virsus protein and genetic material. These proteins and genetic material then assemble into new viruses
What is fermentation the breakdown of sugar to make ATP in the absence of oxygen
What is oxidation Oxidation is the loss of electrons
what is a carrier s a person or other organism that has inherited a genetic trait or mutation
define quantitative relating to, measuring, or measured by the quantity of something rather than its quality.
define Qualitative relating to, measuring, or measured by the quality of something rather than its quantity.
what is genetic engineering the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material
Define ethics moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior.
Created by: HollandD