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Marthell1920s

1920s

TermDefinition
Warren G. Harding Elected President 1920
Administration plagued by scandals Warren G. Harding
Political Party of Harding Republican
Year Harding died in office 1923
Political party of Calvin Coolidge Republican
Year Coolidge was elected Vice-president 1920
How Coolidge first became president Warren G. Harding died
Said, "The business of American is business." Calvin Coolidge
Year Calvin Coolidge reelected 1924
Nickname for Coolidge's popular administration "Coolidge Prosperity"
Political Party of Herbert Hoover Republican
How Herbert Hoover had made his fortune mining
Cabinet post held by Herbert Hoover Secretary of Commerce, 1921-1928
Said, "We in America are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land." Herbert Hoover in 1928
Year Hoover was elected president in a landslide victory 1928
What ruined Herbert Hoover's presidency Great Depression started in 1929
State Al Smith was governor New York
First Catholic nominee for president Al Smith
Al Smith's political party Democratic
Year Al Smith ran for president 1928
Republican candidate who defeated Al Smith Herbert Hoover
What Al Smith wanted to end Prohibition
Al Smith's vice-presidential running mate Franklin Delano Roosevelt
1920s labor leader and head of the Socialist Party Eugene Debs
Arrested for criticizing President Woodrow Wilson Eugene Debs
Broke Espionage Act Eugene Debs
Ran for president in 1920 from federal prison Eugene Debs
Lost 1920 election, but received a million votes Eugene Debs
1920s birth control advocate Margaret Sanger
Organization started by Margaret Sanger American Birth Control League
Modern name of American Birth Control League Planned Parenthood
Wealthy Wall Street investor of 1920s Andrew Mellon
Secretary of the Treasury under Pres. Harding and Coolidge Andrew Mellon
His pro-business policies lead to the boom of the 1920s and the bust of the 1929 crash Andrew Mellon
Developed the Model T Henry Ford
First affordable car Model T
Pioneered the assembly-line process of mass production Henry Ford
The process by which a product is made by a line of workers assembling one part at a time in a repetitive manner assembly line
First person to fly an airplane solo across the Atlantic Charles Lindbergh
Pilot who became one of America's first hugely popular celebrities Charles Lindbergh
Advocate of black pride and resettlement of blacks back to Africa Marcus Garvey
Said, "Africa for Africans, at home and abroad." Marcus Garvey
Founded the Black Star Line steamship company Marcus Garvey
Convicted of mail fraud, imprisoned and eventually deported to his homeland, Jamaica Marcus Garvey
Infamous Chicago gangster Al Capone
Made millions selling illegal liquor during Prohibition Al Capone
Convicted of income tax evasion and jailed at Alcatraz prison in 1931 Al Capone
Occupation of D. W. Griffith Hollywood filmmaker
Directed "Birth of a Nation", 1915 box-office blockbuster D. W. Griffith
1915 film which glorified the Ku Klux Klan Birth of a Nation
First Hollywood blockbuster film Birth of a Nation
Birth of a Nation box-office sales record lasted this many years 22
Film which lead to a Ku Klux Klan revival in the `1920s "Birth of a Nation"
Post-World War I crackdown against radicals, especially Socialists and Communists Red Scare
Was fueled by the Communist (Bolshevik) Revolution in Russia Red Scare
First head of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
Series of raids whose purpose was to expose radicals, including Communists and anarchists Palmer Raids
Attorney General of the United States who wanted to get rid of anarchists after a series of mail bombs A. Mitchell Palmer
Crushed radical groups and labor unions in the 1920s Red Scare
Amendment which started Prohibition 18th
Banned the sale or manufacture of alcoholic beverages in the United States Prohibition
Was repealed in 1933 18th Amendment
suffrage right to vote
Amendment which gave women the right to vote 19th
Campaign platform of Warren G. Harding in the 1920 election return to normalcy"
Democratic nominee in 1920 election James Cox
Cause of death of Pres. Warren G. Harding heart attack
Place of death of Warren G. Harding San Francisco
His administration is known for many scandals Warren G. Harding
Republican Candidate for president in the 1924 election Calvin Coolidge
Democratic nominee for president in the 1924 election John W. Davis
1924 National Origins Act restricted what immigration
Created immigration quotas based on nation of origin 1924 National Origins Act
Law which discriminated against immigrants from Southern and eastern Europe 1924 National Origins Act
Court Case which tested Tennessee's ban on teaching evolution in school Scopes Monkey Trial
Year of the Scopes Monkey Trial 1925
Attorney for the defense in the Scopes Money Trial Clarence Darrow
Attorney for the prosecution in the Scopes Money Trial William Jennings Bryan
Defendant in the Scopes Monkey Trial John Scopes
What John Scopes was accused of teaching evolution--violated Tennessee law
Outcome of Scopes Monkey Trial John Scopes convicted
Probable cause of the Scopes Monkey Trial Publicity stunt for the city of Dayton, Tennessee
Herbert Hoover's campaign promise in the 1928 presidential election "triumph over poverty"
Democratic nominee in the 1928 election Al Smith
Republican nominee in the 1928 presidential election Herbert Hoover
First Catholic to run for president of the United States Al Smith
Winner of the 1928 presidential election Herbert Hoover
Financial panic which struck Wall Street in 1929 Stock Market Crash
1929 collapse of stock prices Stock Market Crash
Value of stocks lost in 1929 Stock Market Crash 90%
What began in 1929, with the Stock Market craash Great Depression
Group which reached its popularity in the 1920s Ku Klux Klan
Its revival was portrayed in the 1915 film--"Birth of a Nation" Ku Klux Klan
What the 1920s Ku Klux Klan was against blacks, Catholics, Jews, immigrants, women, alcohol
Word for Jews Semetics
What the Ku Klux Klan controlled in the 1920s Several state governments
Origin of "New Immigrants" Southern and Eastern Europe
Number of immigrants to the United States from 1880 and 1920 25 million
How native-born U. S. citizens felt about "New Immigrants" Alarmed
Act which cut off "New Immigration" 1924 National Origins Bill
Literary and cultural movement of African-Americans in the 1920s Harlem Renaissance
Where Harlem Renaissance was centralized in the 1920s Harlem neighborhood of New York
List three important figures of the Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes. Zora Neale Hurston, Claude MaKay
Name of group of writers who lived in Europe after World War I Lost Generation
European city which was the center of the "Lost Generation" Paris, France
Three writers of the "Lost Generation" F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein
Started by Margaret Sanger American Birth Control League
Modern name of the American Birth Control League Planned Parenthood
Process by which immigrants are made into Americans Americanization
What business leader pushed Americanization Henry Ford
What Henry Ford wanted to take away from immigrants Their ethnic identity
City which hosted the Scopes Trial Dayton, Tennessee
Home of Marcus Garvey's black nationalist movement Harlem, New York
Created by: marthell