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US History

Test Prep 1

Four presidential candidates Jackson won popular vote, but John Quincy Adams won presidency "Corrupt Bargain" of 1824
higher import duties for good bought by southerners leading up to the Civil War "Tariff of Abominations"
Jackson's method of replacing civil servant jobs with his supporters Spoils System
tariff at the expense of the Southern states Jackson asked Congress to give him the authority to collect tariffs by force Tariff of 1832
Mexico owned Mexico offered land to Americans Mexico's power began to erode Texas before the Alamo
A small Texas army defended this place against a much larger Mexican army. Battle of the Alamo
Indian Removal Act Native Americans forced to give up lands and travel to Oklahoma hunger, disease, exhaustion killed more than 4,000 Trail of Tears
Purchased slaves and transported them to free African states Abolitionism
Many opportunities for work immigration included Germans and Irish Catholics Urbanization outgrew public services (clean water) riots and street crime Population Growth and Change, early 1800
elimination of the property qualification for voting Expansion of Electorate
During war of 1812, British burned the White House because America burned Toronto Star-Spangled Banner Washington Burned
increased American nationalism country turned from agrarian roots to industrialization cheaper British goods, leads to tariffs After the War of 1812
US would not allow foreign powers to establish new colonies in the western hemisphere developed by President James Monroe Monroe Doctrine
provided boundary between US and Canada at 49th parallel convention of 1818
Marshall Court decision no state can control federal government Maryland tried to tax the US Bank McCulloch v. Maryland
defined US and Mexico border US ceded claim to Texas, Spain kept California Adams-Onis Treaty
boom in cotton market more states producing cotton, invention of cotton gin helped King Cotton
new roads, canals, and railroads Fulton invented steamboat Transportation Revolution
women hired to work in factories The Lowell System
laws that limited slave rights slave owners could use harsh physical punishments to control slaves without court intervention slaves could not own weapons, get an education, meet with others without permission, or testify against whites Slave Codes
Senate evenly divided between slave and free states required all new states joining be balanced - a slave state could only join if a non slave state also joined Missouri Compromise
advocated centralized power, constitutional ratification Federalists
explored starting from St. Louis and going to the Rockies Sacajawea helped guide them Lewis and Clark Expedition
group that believed in commercial and industrial development encouraged banks and corporations Whig Party
Any power not assigned to the federal government by the Constitution, is a power the states have 10th Amendment
term for Northerners who came to the South carried clothes in cloth bags Carpetbaggers
term for Southerns working for or supporting the federal government during Reconstruction Scalawags
drafted in 1787, ratified in 1788 created stronger federal government The Constitution of the United States
US territory doubled by this purchase from France for $15 million Louisiana Purchase
war over land in Ohio region between Native Americans and France French and Indian War
owned large farms and slaves Planters
worked land independently to produce their own food Yeomen
lived in squalor as bad as that of the slaves Poor Whites
owned as property and worked the land Slaves
How many whites in the South did not own slaves? 3/4
group favored states' rights Democratic-Republicans
group that was against immigrants met in secret Know-Nothings
not slaves, free but still many prejudicial laws African Americans in the North, 1850
created Supreme Court and Attorney General Judiciary Act of 1789
against adoption of Constitution, believed in states' rights Anti-Federalists
considered property lived in "cult of domesticity" Women in the Early 1800s
plantation system, few immigrants The South, 1850
wages increasing, large numbers of immigrants, urbanization The North, 1850
group believed in emancipating all salves believed Congress should control Reconstruction, not the President Radical Republicans
poor workers, convicted criminals, and debtors received passage and feeds in return for labor servants entered into contracts voluntarily and kept some legal rights little control of conditions of living/working difficult or impossible to pay off debt Indentured Servitude
Created by: you_smyle