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Final

TermDefinition
White City represented the US @ the Chicago's World Fair
The Midway represented the rest of the world at the Chicago World's Fair.
Pete All around bad guy that didn’t believe he was a bad guy. Forced Maggie to move out of her house & then gave her shelter.
Jimmie Johnson Maggie’s Brother: fought w/ Pete and sided w/ his mom when it came to kicking Maggie out.
Jacob Riis Used his photographic & journalistic talents to help the impoverished in NYC; those impoverished NYers were the subject of most of his prolific writings & photography.
Laissez-Nous-Faire System of gov’t: in which gov’t has a limited to no control over the business sector of the country
The Gospel of Wealth Andrew Carnegie's viewpoint on how to help motivate the Middle class. wealthy members of society have an obligation to help the middle-class. “helping” the middle class was to increase them in mind and body. Thus the use of public libraries & parks.
Social Darwinism Richard Hofstadter – social system : survival of the fittest
The English Commonwealth Period The period from 1649 (after the 2nd English Civil War & the execution of Charles I) when England was ruled as a republic. Power was in Parliament and a Council of State. Fighting continued between those who opposed the 3rd Civil War & Parliament.
The English Restoration Began when English, Scottish, & Irish monarchies were restored under Charles II after the Wars of the 3 Kingdoms. actual event by which the monarchy was restored, and the period of several years after when a political settlement was established.
Pontiac An Ottowa leader - known for role in Pontiac’s War, a US Indian struggle against Brit military occupation of Great Lakes region after the Brit victory in the French & Indian War. a local leader who influenced a big movement, but did not command.
The Proclamation Act of 1763 1763 by George III following GB’s acquisition of French land in NA after the end of the French & Indian War. no settlers past the Appalachian mountains. Stabalize relations w/ Natives.
Virtual Representation stated that the members of Parliaments, including the Lords & the Crown-in-Parliament, reserved the right to speak for the interests of all Brit subjects.. the Brit response to the First Continental Congress in the US colonies.
Actual Representation US argued, taxes could be levied on Brit subjects only w/ their consent. B/c the US were represented only in their provincial assemblies, they said, only those legislatures could levy taxes in the US. "no tax w/outrep”
Articles of Confederation An agreement among the 13 colonies that established the US as a confederation of sovereign states & serves as its 1st constitution. drafting by the Continental Congress began in mid-1776 & approved version was sent to the Us for ratification in late 1777
American Civil Religion Nonsectarian religion w/ symbols, holy days, shrines. Robert Bellah
Soul Religion Respects the harmony of all ppl. Internal
Imperial Religion About the gov’t and power – we can take land.
Formal Evangelicals puritan concept=God had a covenant w/chosen ppl. blessed them in proportions2 faithfulness. Sabbath=no mail & Blue Laws. political action=law of God. Encouraged prohibition, control & public consciousness. American Temperance & American Tract Societies
Antiformal Evangelicals gift of land rather than on conventional obligations. no restrictions & manifest destiny. no work on Sunday. right to boycott & no change in the post b/c separation of Church & state. temperance=personal & voluntary: the Washington movement
Washington Temperance Society founded by alcoholics. rely on each other & share their alcoholic experiences. Kind of like an early AA. Total abstinence was their goal. Public temperance were frequent and the main thread was prohibition of alcohol and pledges of sobriety.
Dr. Flint has control over Linda. tries to force her to surrender mentally and emotionally to him. doesn't rape or beat, but threatens. IDs her as smart & gives her special treatment.has 11 slave kids,& bullies his wife. only Xian in appearance
Mr. Sands cares for Linda & tries to protect her & her kids. he is nice to her and protects her from Dr. Flint. he promises to take care of her & her kids. he fails to keep his word. he shows some remorse & tries to protect his wife from his past. some redeeming q
First Mrs. Bruce An Englishwoman: hates slavery. Her friendship w/ Linda helps her to adjust to life in NY. They both value role as mother and find women's freedom to be limited. expands Linda’s horizons. love their families & care for their kids.
Second Mrs. Bruce Second wife of Mr. Bruce. relationship w/ Linda is maybe stronger than her predecessor. hates slavery. tries to help Linda be freed of Dr. Flint. she risks her & her baby girl’s safety to help her. Ultimately, she purchases Linda’s freedom.
The curse of Ham Black Africans were cursed (blackened) by their sins and descended from Ham.
The five civilized tribes The Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, & Seminole nations.
Worchester v. Georgia (1832) John Marshall said Mr. Worchester won. state gov’t of GA didn’t have power to enforce law inlands not in the jurisdiction of GA. interactions btw the Native US tribe & GA considered & approached as internat’l talks. violated his 14th Amendment rights.
The Trail of Tears Migration from the original Cherokee Nation began in the early 18C. Old Settlers previously had moved in 1817 to lands given them in AK where they established a gov’t & a peaceful way of life. Later they were forced to migrate to Indian Territory.
The Wilmot Proviso 1846, amendment to a bill put before the US HoR during the Mexican War; provided an appropriation of $2 mil to enable Pres Polk to negotiate a territorial settlement w/ Mexico. passed in the HoR, but the Senate adjourned w/out voting on it.
The Compromise of 1850 admitted CA as a state,created Utah & NM territories (slavery was up to state) settling a TX-NM boundary dispute in the former’s favor, ending the slave trade in WDC, & making it easier for southerners to recover fugitive slaves
"Beat! Beat! Drums!" vs. Reconciliation Both Churchill poems Beat! Beat! Drums! – this poem was written at the beginning of the war. young men going forth & signing up to take part uplifting & joyful Reconciliation was written nearing the end somber tone. true devastation
The Dred Scott Case held that blacks, whether slave or free, could not be US citizens & had no standing to sue in a fed court, & that the fed gov’t had no power to regulate slavery in the fed territories acquired after the creation of the US.
Lincoln's Letter to Horace Greeley Written during CW, 1 of Lincoln’s most famous letters. Greeley, (ed of NY Tribune) demands & implying that Lincoln’s administration lacked direction & resolve. Lincoln said he was focusing on preserving the union
Union War Goal reconcile the Union, while its mid-CW goal became to reunite states under a Union in which slavery wasn’t tolerated. Lincoln saw that the North would win w/ great difficulty, it became necessary to change the reason for fighting - free the slaves
Sharecropper's Contract Basically the wealthy would require the workers to buy their own seed, & then charge extra for said product. It would become a perpetual cycle of debt for the poor. This is how “white trash” originated.
Furnishing Merchant In the post-CW economy of the South this was a key figure. It became the hub of the new system of agriculture, supplanting in many respects the factor of the earlier years
Vertical Integration Start from the bottom & work your way up. Controlling production from beginning until end completely
Horizontal Integration Company controls 1 key step of the production process. 1879: 90% of refining company
Created by: 646818734