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American Govt Un. 4

Prentice Hall MacGruder's American Government

TermDefinition
chief of state term for the President as the ceremonial head of the US, the symbol of all the people of the nation
chief executive Term for the President as vested in with the executive power of the US
chief administrator Term for the President as head of the administration of federal government
chief diplomat Term for the President as the main architect of foreign policies and spokesperson to other countries.
commander in chief Term for the President as the commander of the nation's armed forces
chief legislator Term for the President as architect of public policies and the one who sets the agenda for Congress
chief of party Term for the President as the leader of his/her political party.
chief citizen Term for the President as the representative of the people working for the public interest
Presidential succession scheme by which a Presidential vacancy is filled
balance the ticket when a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certain ideological, geographical, racial, ethnic, gender, or other characteristics.
presidential electors a person elected by the voter to represent them in making a formal selection of the Vice President and President
electoral votes votes casted by electors in the electoral college
electoral college a group of people chosen from each state to formally select the President and Vice President
presidential primary an election in which a party's voters choose some or all of the state party organization delegates to their party's national convention
winner take all the candidate who won the preference vote automatically won the support of the all delegates chosen at the primary.
proportional representation Rule applied in Democratic primaries where by any candidate who wins at least 15% of the votes get the number of state democratic convention
national convention the meetings at which the delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice-presidential candidates
platform its formal statement of basic principals, stands of major policy matters, and objectives for the campaign and beyond
Keynote address a speech delivered by one for the party's most accomplished speakers
Most presidential nominees have been Governors
With what two Presidents have the disability provisions come into play? Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush
Who decided the winner of the Presidential election of 1800? the House of Representatives because the electors could not indicate their votes for President and Vice President, a tie vote emerged and the House had to decide.
What group of office holders fall in the line of presidential success after the President pro tempore of the Senate? Cabinet members
The official duties of the Vice President are to preside over the Senate and to help decide if the President is disabled.
Concerning electors, which of the following was intended by the Framers? that they be free agents
As the leader of the armed forces, the President is known as the commander in chief.
If the President and his cabinet disagree on his ability to fulfill his duties, who decides whether the President continues to govern? Congress. They have 21 days to decide the matter.
The President is the chief __________ when suggesting bills to Congress. legislator
Which of the following presidential roles involves making treaties? chief diplomat. The President is the nation's chief diplomat and determines foreign policy.
If adopted, the __________ plan for the electoral college would be similar to the election of Members of Congress. district
The __________ plan eliminates the winner-take-all feature of the electoral college. proportional. The Proportional plan would give each candidate the same share of a State's electoral vote and he or she received in the State's popular vote.
Theodore Roosevelt felt that the role of the chief executive was what? stewardship
The rule of senatorial courtesy gives what member of the Senate power in some appointments? Senators from the State where the official will serve who are from the President's party
When a President reduces the sentence or fine for a convicted criminal, he is using what power? commutation. The power of commutation is the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine imposed by a court.
What conflict was NOT declared as a war or otherwise authorized by Congress? The Korean War
President Tyler annexed Texas through a(n) joint resolution.
Presidential appointees must be approved by a majority of the Senate.
President Truman ordered the seizure of __________ to avert a strike. steel mills. When a labor dispute threatened to shut down the nation's steel industry during the Korean war, Truman ordered the seizure and Federal operation of several steel mills.
A(n) __________ is a diplomat who is sent back to his or her country. persona non grata.
Richard Nixon received a __________ from President Gerald Ford. pardon. Nixon got a pardon "for all offenses against the United States" that he may have committed during his presidency.
The Supreme Court found that George W. Bush had overreached his power in what case? Rasul v. Bush. In this case, the court found that it was unconstitutional when the Bush Administration held prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and elsewhere, without these safeguards.
The limited Line Item Veto Act of 1996 allowed a President to eliminate tax provisions that did what? benefited fewer than 100 people
What new country did Harry Truman recognize in 1948, helping it to survive a war for independence? Israel
The War Powers Resolution was passed in reaction to what extended conflict? The conflict in Vietnam. This act was designed to limit the President's ability to make war and was inspired by Vietnam.
What has been called "the most loosely drawn chapter" in the nation's fundamental law? Article II. The Executive Article establishes the powers of the presidency in a sketchy fashion.
Some of the framers believed the words of Roger Sherman, who wrote that the executive powers should amount to carrying out the will of the legislature.
How does the Executive branch of government affect a law once it has been passed? by deciding how to enforce it
The reprieve and the pardon are powers of clemency. Clemency means mercy or leniency.
Which department is NOT headed by a secretary? Department of Justice. The head of this department is the attorney general.
What is the 12-month period used by the Federal Government for financial management purposes? fiscal year
Which President pushed Congress to pass civil service reform in the late 1800s? Chester Arthur. Arthur succeeded James Garfield who was shot by a mentally unstable office-seeker that Garfield refused to appoint to a high diplomatic post.
The President's Cabinet was created by custom. It is an informal advisory body brought together by the President to serve his needs.
What is an organization that performs the tasks for which the organization exists? line agency. An example of a line agency is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
What two agencies were created by President George W. Bush? Office of Homeland Security and Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
A(n) __________ is the reduction of a sentence or fine for a crime. commutation. The power of commutation is the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine imposed by a court.
A(n) __________ is the postponement of a criminal sentence. reprieve. A reprieve is the postponement of the execution of a sentence.
A(n) __________ is the forgiveness of a federal crime by the President. pardon. A pardon is legal forgiveness of a crime.
A presidential veto can only be overturned by a vote of two-thirds of the Congress. Because it requires a two-thirds majority, the President's veto is seldom overridden.
Created by: gcowing