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Vocabulary 1

European Colonization of North America

TermDefinition
economy the way a community obtains the goods it needs to survive, can be money-based, barter, etc
smuggling to illegally bring goods into a country without paying taxes
proprietary colony a colony that was owned by a company or individual
backcountry area west of the Appalachian Mountains
mercantilism colonies were created to make the 'mother country' rich, colonists were employees and were only allowed to trade with the 'mother country'
Appalachian Mountains dividing line between the settled area of the colonies and backcountry
royal colony a colony that belonged to the King, who collected the profits it made
charter permission from the government to create a colony, included its boundries
indentured servant person who signs a contract to work for someone in the New World in exchange for passage and a new life
joint-stock company a business arrangement in which investors put in money to create and run colonies with the hope they will earn a profit
dissident a person who peaks against a government or its policies
Pilgrims (Separatists) settlers that left England because of religious persecution, settled in Plymouth Massachusetts
Mayflower Compact agreement between Separatists and Strangers on the Mayflower to work together to survive, important for self-government and majority rule
Puritans English dissidents who settled New England, held strict religious beliefs that controlled all parts of everyday life
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut first written constitution in America; created a formal, written government
Roger Williams former Puritan minister that was exiled from Massachusetts; established Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson Puritan who was exiled from MA after a trial for heresy for preaching without permission; fled to Rhode Island
Thomas Hooker leader of the Puritan congregation that established Connecitcut
subsistence farming growing only enough good to feed a family
Triangular Trade trade routes between America, Europe and Africa
Navigation Acts laws thaa said colonies were only allowed to grade with Great Britain
William Bradford Separatist leader of the Plymouth colony
William Penn Quaker who founded Pennsylvania as a place for tolerance and peace
Quakers religious group that settled mainly in Pennsylvania and created a colony that was tolerant to Native Americans and other religions
cash crops large amounts of crops that allow a farmer to sell them
Toleration Act of 1649 Maryland's law that was the first to protect religious freedom
John Smith leader of the Jamestown colony; "He that does not work, shall not eat."
House of Burgesses colonial government in Virginia that allowed colonists to choose representatives to speak for them
James Oglethrope founder of Georgia, created it as a refuge for debtors and as protection from the Spanish in Florida
indigo plantation crop whose flowers were used to make a deep blue dye
slavery using humans to do labor without pay
colonization to settle people from your country in a new place to claim its land and resources
'starving time' period when the Jamestown colon was first established and did not have enough food for all the colonists and disease combined with hunger killed most of them
direct democracy a type of government where people speak for themselves in person, usually on local matters, an example would be town hall meetings
Created by: syates