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Science CRCT Review

Science CRCT Genetics Review

QuestionAnswer
A rod cell structure that contains the DNA and carries genetic inherited information is called a _____________________. You inherit 23 of these from each parent. chromosome
The genetic material that carries the information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring on your chromosomes is called _______. DNA
_____________ is the scientific study of heredity. Genetics
The part of a chromosome that carries in formation from your parents that determine your traits is called a _________. gene
When geneticists talk abut the different forms a gene can have, they call this the ____________. allele
An organisms's genetic make up for a trait or alleles is called its ______________. genotype
An organism's physical appearance it receives from its genotype is called its ____________. phenotype
If an organism has _Bb_ for its genotype, would this be homozygous or heterozygous? Heterozygous
If an organism has BB or bb would this be heterozygous or homozygous? Homozygous
If the mother had_BB_for hair color and the father had_BB_ for hair. the only hair genotype the offspring would have also be_BB. This would be an example of a___________ trait. purbred
What symbol do geneticists use for a dominant trait? Capital letter
What is symbol do the geneticists use for recessive trait? lowercase letter
A chart that geneticists use to predict the forms of genotypes for the offspring produced from a cross breeding of 2 parents is called a _____________. punnett square
A selective breeding method in which 2 individuals with identical sets of alleles are crossed to produce an organism with the same alleles is called _________________. interbreeding
A selective process in which 2 genetically different individuals with specific desired traits are crossed to produce offspring with specific traits from each parent is called _______________. hybrid
The process where an organism is produced that is genetically identical to another organism is called ___________. cloning
The process by which an organism's sperm or egg cells are produced is called _________________. meiosis
Created by: Lilla721
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