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Final HIS

Civil War

1830 First Negro convention- The first National Convention met in Philadelphia. This group gathered for express purpose of abolishing slavery and improving the status of African American.
1831 Nat Turner rebellion- A slave named Nat Turner led a rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia. A religious leader and self-styled Baptist minister, Turner and 16 of his conspirators were captured and executed.
1832 Virginia votes against gradual emancipation
1844 Polk President- 11th President of the United States (1845–1849) Democrat, United States grew by more than a million square miles, continuously adding territory.
1846 Wilmot Proviso seeks to ban slavery in Mexican Territory- "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist" in lands won in the Mexican-American War.
1847 Fred Douglas publishes THE NORTH STAR ANTI SLAVERY NEWSPAPER- editor, author, abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass "Right is of no Sex - Truth is of no Color - God is the Father of us all, and we are all brethren." The abolitionist paper based
1848 Zack Taylor president- 12th President of the United States (1849–1850) Whig, a wealthy slave owner.
1850 Compromise of 1850- it was a compromise between northern Free states and southern slave states over the spread of slavery. Its objective was to keep the country together and avoid confrontation. Compromise of 1850 set the geographical boundaries
1851 Group of free blacks rescue escaped slave Shadrack from federal authorities in Boston- Boston Vigilance Committee, an anti-slavery group led by minister Theodore Parker.
1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin is published- a novel which showed the stark reality of slavery.
1854 Hinton helper's THE IMPENDING CRISIS OF THE SOUTH is published- one of the most significant antislavery works preceding the American Civil War.Claimed slavery was bad for the economy because it prevented industrialization.
1854-56 Bleeding Kansas"- the term used to describe the period of violence during the settling of the Kansas territory. Proslavery and free-state settlers flooded into Kansas to try to influence the decision.
1856 James Buchanan President- 15th President of the United States, Democrat. Buchanan's inability to halt the southern states' drive toward secession led his presidency to failure.
1857 Dred Scott case- Seven of the nine judges agreed w/Chief Justice Roger Taney-slaves were not citizens of the United States and therefore had no rights to sue in Federal courts. Eventually, the 13th and 14th amendments overrode this Supreme Court ruling.
1858 congress refuses to admit Kansas- The state could not agree to be a free state or a slave state and so they could not be a state yet.
1860 Abe Lincoln president South Carolina secedes- Lincoln was against slavery and most of the south states were slave states. South Carolina left first.
1861 Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, and Louisiana withdrew from the Union after South Carolina formed the Confederate States. Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee did not secede until after the Battle of Fort Sumter.
1862 Battle of Antietam- The bloodiest single day ended in a draw,Battle of Fredericksburg- the first true urban warfare of the Civil War, the confederate Army won this battle.
1863 The emancipation proclamation- all persons held as slaves within the rebellious areas are free. battle of Gettysburg- Lee's second invasion of the North failed. Gettysburg address- Lincoln wanted to dedicate the grounds to the dead.
1864 Lincoln's 2nd term, Sherman's march to the sea- The purpose of this “March to the Sea” was to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war.” They took everything from the South in order to push them to give up.
1865 13th amendment- Formally abolishing slavery in the United States.Lincoln assassination- On April 14, 1865 Booth shot President Lincoln at a play. The attack came five days after Lee surrendered his army ending the Civil War.Andrew Johnson president.
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