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1960's 1970's

Civil Rights, antiwar, and women's movements

QuestionAnswer
Who is the figure head of the Civil Rights Movement during the 1960's? Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
What was the philosophy that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. held in regards to promoting Civil Rights? Use non violent means which he developed from Mahatma Gandhi
What were several of the key goals of the Nation of Islam? They did not want integration. They wanted their own schools. They also followed a strict moral code and believe that Christianity was the white man's religion.
What was the message that Malcolm X delivered in many of his speeches? Whites were not to be trusted and black rights were to be achieved by any means necessary.
What were the Greensboro sit ins? Four African Americans from North Carolina A & T University went to a Wool worth's that was all white and were refused service. Eventually, this spread through the South in a movement of multiple sit ins in 1960.
What were the Freedom Rides of 1961? Black and white activists wanted to test the desegregation laws for interstate travel riding through the Deep South. They were harassed and beaten allowed the way.
What was the March of Washington 1963? An estimated quarter of a million people demonstrated for Civil Rights and economic equality. The most dramatic speech made that day was the "I have a dream" speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Detail the Civil Rights Act of 1964? The Civil Rights Act signed by President Johnson outlawed discrimination based on sex, color, race, religion, or national origin. It ended unequal voter registration requirements and segregation in schools and the workplace.
What was the 24th amendment? The 24th amendment prohibited poll taxes or any other conditions for the right to vote which includes any other taxes.
What things other than the threat of violence were down to prevent African Americans from Voting? In the South there were poll taxes meant to drive away the poor and literacy test.
What was the freedom summer of Mississippi in 1964 about? It was coordinated by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to draw the nation's attention to the oppression of the Mississippi blacks by the white majority. Voter registration was the cornerstone of the project.
What was the Voting Rights Act of 1965? It was signed into law by Lyndon Johnson to enforce the African American's right to vote especially in the South. The act outlawed literacy tests and poll taxes.
What was the Black Power Movement? It was a movement that emphasized racial pride and the advancement of black values. The political goals were to defend against oppression, establishment of social institutions and a self-sufficient economy.
What was the Long Hot Summer? It began in 1964 when a Harlem police officer shot a black youth leading to riots in Rochester, Jersey City and Philadelphia.
What sparked the violence of the Long Hot Summer to flare up again? It flared up again when an arresting officer in Watts in 1965pulled out a gun on an African American which quickly spread riots in the neighborhood.
Who and by what was affirmative action first created? It created by an executive order from John F. Kennedy in 1961.
Who modified Affirmative Action and for what purpose? President Johnson in 1965 made another executive order to provided the realization of equal employment. In 1967 it was expanded to included women.
What is the Fair Housing Act? It was created out of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 to eliminate discrimination in all areas of housing.
What was the Busing Moratorium of 1972? Justice Berger of the Supreme Court
Who formed and what was the The President's Commission on the Status of Women? It was form by John F. Kennedy to look closely at women's rights.
What was the purpose of Betty's Friedan's the Feminine Mystique? It was a popular book in the sixties to show that many housewives were no longer happy with their roles as home makers. She also became the first president of NOW.
What is NOW and when was it formed? NOW stands for the National Organization of Women and was formed in 1966.
What did the President's Commission on the Status of Women find? There there was widespread discrimination in education, the workplace, and Social Security.
What was the Women's Lib movement and when did it start? The Women's Lib movement started in 1967 and continued into the 1970's. Along with NOW, the purpose was to push for the passage of the equal rights amendment.
What event was protested by the Women's Lib movement and why? The 1968 Miss America Pageant was protested due to it's focus on feminine beauty.
What is radical feminism? It seeks to turn the idea that males are superior. It also asserts that men are oppressors of women.
What was the second wave of feminism? This started in the early 1960's to the early 1980's.
What did the second wave of feminism? The issues ranged from sexuality, the workplace, reproductive rights, inequalities, and official legal equalities.
What did women burn as a symbolic representation to show independence from men? Women burned bras and many times in protest didn't wear them.
What is Title IX? Title IX was passed in 1972 and guaranteed that all women were to have equal access to educational opportunities which included sports in all schools.
What did the case of Roe v. Wade decide and under which amendment? Roe v. Wade protected women under the fourteenth amendment to the right to privacy to have an abortion.
What event significantly changed public opinion on Vietnam and heightened the anti war movement. The Tet Offensive in 1968.
What reasons were Americans opposed to the Vietnam War? People were opposed to the draft, they were morally opposed, and reaction to the media portrayal of the war.
What company and where did protests begin against starting at college? The University of Wisconsin students requested that Dow Chemical not be allowed on campus for their production of Napalm.
What is a teach in? A teach in was first used at the University of Michigan to teach about the Vietnam war meant to take anti war measures.
What is a sit in? The sit in where also used on college campuses to protest the Vietnam War.
What were the Hawks and Doves? The Hawks were those people who supported the Vietnam war believing that it was cause by North Vietnam. The Doves protest our involvement which included burning draft cards.
What happened to world Champion Muhammad Ali? He was drafted and refused to go. He was jailed and striped of his title.
What were the Fulbright hearings? They were a series of hearings held in 1971 about the conduct of the Vietnam War.
What were the Pentagon Papers? They were a series of papers that were leaked to the press that showed that the military and the executive branch deceived the American public in regards to the Vietnam War.
What was Vietnamization? This was the concept of training the South Vietnamese to fight their own war and withdraw American troops.
What was the Vietnam Moratorium of 1970? It was a massive protest and teach in to end the Vietnam war. The protest was consider a success and with millions of people participating throughout the world and a speech by George McGovern being attended by 100,000 people.
What happened at Kent State in May of 1970? Four student protestors were shot by Ohio National Guardsmen.
What was the War Powers Act 1973? It was created to reign in the power of the President by requiring him to seek congressional approval to commit United States ground troops anywhere in an undeclared war.
What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution? In response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident, congress gave President Johnson the right to commit ground troops in South Vietnam.
Created by: hman43