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Quiz 4

US History With Mr. C

TermDefinition
Fascism Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Neutrality Acts A series of laws passed by Congress in 1935, 1937, and 1939 designed to preserve U.S. neutrality in foreign wars by avoiding the issues that had drawn the nation into World War I.
Benito Mussolini an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party,
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until 1953.
Adolph Hitler an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party.
Holocaust the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–5.
Appeasement to yield or concede to the belligerent demands of (a nation, group, person, etc.) in a conciliatory effort,
Lend-Lease Act a program under which the United States supplied Great Britain, the USSR, Republic of China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and August 1945
War Production Board an agency of the United States government that supervised war production during World War II.
Rationing allow each person to have only a fixed amount of (food or a commodity).
Wartime Relocation Agency a United States government agency established to handle the internment, forced relocation and detention of Japanese, German, and Italian Americans during World War II.
VE Day the day (8 May) marking the Allied victory in Europe in 1945.
VJ Day the day (15 August) in 1945 on which Japan ceased fighting in the Second World War, or the day (2 September) when Japan formally surrendered.
Potsdam Declaration a statement that called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces during World War II.
The Enola Gay a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber,
Marshall Plan a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe
Nikita Kruchev a politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.
Iron Curtain a notional barrier separating the former Soviet bloc and the West prior to the decline of communism that followed the political events in eastern Europe in 1989.
Truman Doctrine the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or Communist insurrection.
Berlin Blockade one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. When the Russians blocked off West Berlin.
Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin
United Nations an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
Korean War a war between North and South Korea; South Korea was aided by the United States and other members of the United Nations; 1950-1953
Gen. Douglas MacArthur an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
Bay of Pigs an unsuccessful military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group
Cuban Missile Crisis a 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other side.
Vietnam War a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
Rosa Parks United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and so triggered the national Civil Rights movement
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks
Montgomery Bus Boycott a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
Brown vs. Board of Education a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
Segregation (de jure and de facto) the policy of segregation denied African-Americans their civil rights and provided inferior facilities and services for them.
Non Violent Protest (boycotts, hunger strike, petition, demonstration, strike) is the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests,
Civil Disobedience (including sit ins) Breaking the law in order to show disapproval of a certain law or idea.
Legal Action a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong
Jim Crow Laws state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965.
Malcolm X an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist.
Berlin Airlift airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Permanent members of Security Council China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States,
Created by: Alissa Aiko