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History (Chapter 1)

The first civilizations vocabulary

TermDefinition
Jericho It's a city located near the Jordan River in the West Bank. Oldest Neolithic community in the West Bank between Israel and Jordan.
Catal Huyuk Early Neolithic community in present-day Turkey.
Historian People who study and write about the human past.
Archaeologist Are people that hunt for evidence buried in the ground where settlements might once have been.
Artifact Weapons, tools, and other things made by humans. Archaeologists dig up and study these items.
Fossil Traces of plants or animals that have been preserved in rock.
Anthropologist Are people that focus on human society.
Nomad People that are always on the move (For example: Paleolithic people)
Technology Tools and methods to help humans perform tasks.
Domesticate Tame animals and plants for human use.
Specialization The development of different kinds of jobs.
Tigris River River in southeastern Turkey and Iraq that merges with the Euphrates River.
Euphrates River River in southwestern Asia that flows through Syria and Iraq and joins the Tigris River near the Persian Gulf.
Mesopotamia Early center of civilization, in the area of modern Iraq and eastern Syria between the Tigris River and Euphrates River.
Sumer Located in southern Mesopotamia.
Babylon Once the world's largest and richest city, on the banks of the Euphrates River in northern Mesopotamia.
Sargon The kind of the Akkadians, In about 2340 B.C. he conquered all of Mesopotamia.
Hammurabi A babylonian king. He began conquering cities to the north and south and created the Babylonian Empire.
Civilization Complex societies.
Irrigation Farmers built water walls, waterways, and ditches to bring water to their fields. Irrigation allowed farmers to grow plenty of food and support a large population.
City-state Independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages.
Artisans Skilled workers who made metal products.
Cuneiform It was writing created by the people in Sumer. It consists of hundreds of wedge-shaped marks cut into damp clay tablets with a sharp-ended reed.
Scribe Record keepers.
Empire A group of many different lands under one ruler.
Assyria Ancient country in Asia that included the Tigris River valley in Mesopotamia.
Persia Gulf An arm of the Arabian Sea in southwestern Asia, between the Arabian Peninsula on the southwest and Iran on the northeast.
Nineveh Ancient capital of Assyria.
Hanging Gardens A marvel as some people call it, visible from any point in Babylon, was an immense staircase of greenery: the Hanging Gardens at the King's place.
Nebuchadnezzar The Chaldeans wanted to build an empire. Led by Nebuchadnezzar, they controlled all of Mesopotamia from 605 B.C to 562 B.C.
Provinces Political districts.
Caravan Groups of traveling merchants.
Astronomer People who study the heavenly bodies- mapped the stars, the planets, and the phases of the moon.
Created by: doodles85688
 

 



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