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History (Chapter 1)
The first civilizations vocabulary
|It's a city located near the Jordan River in the West Bank. Oldest Neolithic community in the West Bank between Israel and Jordan.
|Early Neolithic community in present-day Turkey.
|People who study and write about the human past.
|Are people that hunt for evidence buried in the ground where settlements might once have been.
|Weapons, tools, and other things made by humans. Archaeologists dig up and study these items.
|Traces of plants or animals that have been preserved in rock.
|Are people that focus on human society.
|People that are always on the move (For example: Paleolithic people)
|Tools and methods to help humans perform tasks.
|Tame animals and plants for human use.
|The development of different kinds of jobs.
|River in southeastern Turkey and Iraq that merges with the Euphrates River.
|River in southwestern Asia that flows through Syria and Iraq and joins the Tigris River near the Persian Gulf.
|Early center of civilization, in the area of modern Iraq and eastern Syria between the Tigris River and Euphrates River.
|Located in southern Mesopotamia.
|Once the world's largest and richest city, on the banks of the Euphrates River in northern Mesopotamia.
|The kind of the Akkadians, In about 2340 B.C. he conquered all of Mesopotamia.
|A babylonian king. He began conquering cities to the north and south and created the Babylonian Empire.
|Farmers built water walls, waterways, and ditches to bring water to their fields. Irrigation allowed farmers to grow plenty of food and support a large population.
|Independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages.
|Skilled workers who made metal products.
|It was writing created by the people in Sumer. It consists of hundreds of wedge-shaped marks cut into damp clay tablets with a sharp-ended reed.
|A group of many different lands under one ruler.
|Ancient country in Asia that included the Tigris River valley in Mesopotamia.
|An arm of the Arabian Sea in southwestern Asia, between the Arabian Peninsula on the southwest and Iran on the northeast.
|Ancient capital of Assyria.
|A marvel as some people call it, visible from any point in Babylon, was an immense staircase of greenery: the Hanging Gardens at the King's place.
|The Chaldeans wanted to build an empire. Led by Nebuchadnezzar, they controlled all of Mesopotamia from 605 B.C to 562 B.C.
|Groups of traveling merchants.
|People who study the heavenly bodies- mapped the stars, the planets, and the phases of the moon.