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10th U.S. History

Chapter 27 Test

What was the name of the scandal regarding the Clinton's investment in a failed resort development? Whitewater Scandal
Why did Conservatives reject the Clinton health-care plan? Tax increase, abortion coverage, and a new government bureaucracy who have to bring one-seventh of business under government regulation. Too expensive and too intrusive.
Who led the health-care reform? Hillary Clinton
Define Family and Medical Leave Act. unpaid time off for employees with newborns or ill family members
Define Brady Bill. gun control legislation
Define National Voter Registration Act. motor voter act, which required states to allow voters to register when they applied for a driver's license
What act opened free trade with Mexico? NAFTA
What was Contract with Americans? Ten popular Republican bills promised to be up for a vote within the first 100 days if they were elected into office. Not all the bills were passed.
Who was labeled "the comeback kid"? Bill Clinton
Who was the Republican Speaker of the House during the Clinton Administration? Newt Gingrich
What presidential power did the Supreme Court strike down as unconstitutional? Line-item veto
Why did the government shut down nonessential offices in 1995 and 1996? Budget dispute between Clinton and the Republicans
Who was the 1996 Republican candidate in the presidential election who was an experienced legislator? Bob Dole
Define Defense of Marriage Act and did Clinton sign it? Yes, Clinton signed the Act which secured federal benefits for spouses in traditional marriage only, even though Clinton endorsed homosexual rights.
Define Welfare Reform Act of 1996. sought to end dependency of the poor on government handouts
Who was the Reform Party candidate in the 1996 election? Ross Perot
Who won the 1996 presidential election? Clinton
Which African country did American forces leave after a failed peacekeeping mission? Somalia
Did Clinton use military force in any foreign affairs? Yes
Define Dayton Accords. fragile peace agreement in the Balkans
What nation did the U.S. help to reinstate their president? Haiti
What happened to Bill Clinton that only happened to one other president and why? He was impeached based on perjury charges for tax evasion.
Compare and contrast the elections of 1996 and 2000, specifically the strategies and results. -1996 Dole campaigned on political experience, moral integrity, and tax cuts, but he lacked enthusiasm. Clinton was being re-elected and focused on prosperity while in office, so he easily won the election. -In 2000, Bush ran as a uniter and chose Cheney so he wouldn't be considered as "inexperienced". He attacked Gore, highlighting exaggerations. Gore distanced himself from Clinton scandals and chose Lieberman as a running mate. He attacked Bush's intellectual ability. Very, very close election.
What theme did George W. Bush run on for the presidential election? "Compassionate conservatism"
Why did Clinton remain popular with the public considering his failures and scandals? The nation was prospering and economy was good. Some looked at his moral issues as personal affairs and didn't reflect on his job performance. Clinton was also a good manipulator of public opinion.
Republican VP candidate in 2000? Richard Cheney
Who was the first practicing Jew to run on a major presidential ticket (Al Gore's running mate)? Joe Lieberman
Who won the popular vote in the 2000 presidential election? Al Gore
Who won the electoral vote in the 2000 presidential election? George W. Bush
What state held the crucial recount in the 2000 election? Florida
Who was the leader of al-Qaeda? Osama bin Laden
Who was the Republican VP candidate in 2008? Sarah Palin
Who was the Republican who Obama names to be his secretary of defense? Robert Gates
How did Obama justify government bailouts of automakers and financial institutions? By saying they were too big to fail
What was the only U.S. automaker to refuse government bailout? Ford
What happened in the 2010 midterm elections? The Democrats lost their majority to Republicans in the House of Representatives.
Did Obama's healthcare bill pass Congress? Yes, sadly
Who was Judd Gregg? briefly served as Obama's secretary of commerce
Name the two Supreme Court nominees during Obama's first two years in office. Elena Kagan, Sonia Sotomayor
What prison camp did Obama pledge to close once he became president? Guantanamo Bay, which is still open
Created by: LiseBrinkley