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Africa

TermDefinition
Deforestation The process of losing the rainforests because of poor soil
Kilimanjaro Largest peak in Africa; means “shining mountain”
Tropical Savanna An area in Africa with lots of grasses and scattered wood
Gorge A steep valley created by rivers
uranium Mineral used to produce nuclear power
Drought A period of time with no rain
Succulent A plant with thick, fleshy leaves that can conserve moisture
Plateaus A land feature with higher elevation, but a flat surface at the top
Sahara A desert in North Africa
Lake Victoria The largest lake, but not the longest lake, in Africa
escarpment Steep, jagged cliff
Congo A river that isn’t good for transportation because of waterfalls
Ecotourism Provides a good economy for Africa, but is also safe for rainforests
Rift Valley A separation of land caused by tectonic activity
Kalahari Plants must have long roots to survive in this desert
Desertification The creation of more desert due to climate change
Lake Volta A man-made lake used for hydroelectric power
Canopy Umbrella-like covering in Africa’s rain forests
Industrial Diamonds A valuable resource used to make saws, drills, and grinding tools
Tropical Rainforest An area in Africa with lots of rain and plant life and animals
Kalahari Desert The San People live in the_______________
80,000 They have lived in Africa for more than _________________________ years.
Ostrich Water is scarce so they store water in _________________________ eggs and bury them.
Nile The _________________________ is the most important resource for the Ancient Egyptians
Topography, Water, Vegetation _________________________, _________________________, and _________________________ are all factors that led to civilization in Egypt.
Khufu Pharaoh _________________________ was famous for building the Great Pyramid of Giza
Hatshepsut Pharaoh _________________________ was a woman famous for expanding trade.
Sunusret I Pharaoh _________________________ was a patron of the arts.
Tut King _________________________ was famous because of the discovery of his tomb by Howard Carter
Vizier The _________________________ is second in command and must carry out the pharaoh’s commands.
High Priest The _________________________ advised the Pharaoh and oversaw religious ceremonies.
Artisan An _________________________ is a highly skilled laborer who created beautiful works of art.
Peasants The _________________________ made up the largest class of people in Egypt.
Slavery, increase Europeans did not invent _________________________, but it did _________________________ when Europeans arrived
12 million _________________________ Africans were brought to America from Africa.
Railroads, modern medicine,education While Europeans were in Africa, they built _________________________, introduced _________________________, and provided _________________________.
Nationalism _________________________ is a people’s desire to rule themselves and have their own country
Apartheid _________________________ was carried out through laws that separated ethnic groups and limited the rights of black South Africans.
Nelson Mandela _________________________ was the first black South African president.
United Nations The _________________________ helped stop apartheid by not trading with South Africa.
Created by: hempa
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