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Chapter 12 Services

TermDefinition
Basic Industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses
Central Business District (CBD) The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered
Central Place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central place theory Explains the distribution of services,based on: settlements are the centers of market areas; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further
City-state A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Clustered Rural Settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement
Consumer Services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers
Dispersed rural settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic base A community’s collection of basic industries
Enclosure Movement the process of consolidating small land holdings into larger farms in England during the 18th century
Gravity model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market area/ Hinterland the area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services
Nonbasic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
Personal Services services that provide for the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers
Primate City The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate City Rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement
Producer Services provide services primarily to help people conduct other businesses
Public Services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Range (of a service) he maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-size Rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is in the population of the largest settlement
Retail Service Services that provide goods for sale to consumers
Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Transportation and Information Services businesses that diffuse and distribute services
Central Place Theory Walter Cristallo explains the reasons behind how the most profitable area of a particular service is identified. Consumers go to buy goods in close proximity to the markets. Population and demand for goods as affect availability of goods.
Threshold he minimum number of people needed to support the service
Action Spaces the spaces in which one individual makes his/her decisions and actions
Colonial City urban centers that arose in colonized areas
Concentric Zone Model shows how urban centers arise in a concentric formFrom center outwards, the rings are:central business district, residential zone, working class zone, zone of transition, factory zone, commuter zone
Edge City an urban center located in a previously rural area, outside of a central business district
European Cities metropolitan areas in Europe
Feudal city a city with an organizational system similar to that of feudalism
Forward Capital a capital that is symbolically moved to a geographically or otherwise superior location
Gateway City cities that allow access to a country, i.e. ones that have airports
Gateway City cities that allow access to a country, i.e. ones that have airports
Industrial Revolution a progression of technology and ideas through the developed world in the mid 19th century
Islamic Cities important cities in Islamic land
Latin American Cities cities located in Latin America
Latin American Cities cities built in medieval eras
Metropolitan Areas areas of high urban concentration
Multiple Nuclei model multiple CBDs originate from one main CBD, forming multiple nuclei
New urbanization a movement creating centers similar to those prior to the invention of the automobile
Node Geographical centers of activity
Sector model Homer Hoyt explains that zones expand outward from the city center along railroads, highways, and other transportation amenities
World City a cosmopolitan city where residents and foreigners coexist
Central Place Theory Walter Cristallo explains the reasons behind how the most profitable area of a particular service is identified. Consumers go to buy goods in close proximity to the markets. Population and demand for goods as affect availability of goods.
Created by: Chapter 12