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LD SS WWII TEST

LD SS WWII CHAPTER 27 TEST

TermDefinition
1939 Year War began
1941 Year US entered war
1945 Year war ended
ALLIED POWERS Great Britain, US & Russia
AXIS POWERS Germany, Italy, & Japan
ADOLF HITLER Germany
ADOLF HITLER INVADED POLAND, AUSTRIA, & CZECHOSLOVAKIA
BENITO MUSSOLINI Italy
BENITO MUSSOLINI Ethiopia & Albania
MILITARY LEADERS INCLUDING HIROHITO Japan
MILITARY LEADERS INCLUDING HIROHITO China and parts of Southern Asia
MUNICH AGREEMENT Gave Germany land as long as they did not take anymore.
APPEASEMENT Giving into the demands of someone so they will no longer bother you
US INVOLVEMENT BEFORE ENTERING WWII Neutrality Acts, "Cash & Carry" Act, Lend-Lease Act & Embargo against Japan
NEUTRALITY ACTS Laws that were established to have the United States not to take sides in the War.
"CASH AND CARRY" ACT The US sold goods to the Allied powers as long as they carried it back to their countries
LEND-LEASE ACT Lend Allied powers weapons and escorted them
EMBARGO AGAINST JAPAN Refused to give the Japanese any goods.
EUROPEAN WAR D-DAY
D-DAY Allies launched an amphibious invasion of Normandy, France across the English Channel. Allies sandwiched Germans, won after seven weeks and moved to Paris. This was called the turning point of the War.
EUROPEAN WAR Battle of the Bulge
BATTLE OF THE BULGE Hitlers last effort to gain back lost land by invading neutral Belgium. Hitler succeeded in creating a bulge in the allied lines. Allies sent reinforcements and pushed Hitler back. Marched onto Germany.
EUROPEAN WAR V-E Day
V-E DAY The Soviets went West and other allies went East to capture Berlin. Hitler committed suicide. Germany surrendered.
EUROPEAN WAR Holocaust
HOLOCAUST The US government could have done a lot more. Roosevelt could have made the war refugee boar earlier. US planes could have boomed the camps.
GLOBAL WAR Nuremberg Trials
NUREMBERG TRIALS Said people were responsible for their actions during the war
PACIFIC WAR Attack at Pearl Harbor
ATTACK AT PEARL HARBOR Japanese boomed the naval base in Hawaii. The day after the US joined WWII
PACIFIC WAR "Island Hopping" strategy
"ISLAND HOPPING" STRATEGY Attack less-defended islands, hop over others. Use those islands attacked as air bases to attack more heavily armed islands.
PACIFIC WAR Battle of Midway
BATTLE OF MIDWAY Japan attacked a US island but the US found out about it and prepared a counter-attack. US won and now had the upper hand.
PACIFIC WAR Battle of Iwo Jima
BATTLE OF IWO JIMA US needed an airbase. Invaded and won. Difficult to see the enemy. They built caves and tunnels throughout the island. Refused to surrender. 23,000/24,000 Japanese killed
PACIFIC WAR Use of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
USE OF TWO ATOMIC BOMBS ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI (IN FAVOR) Save US soldiers. Japan was destroying American ships.
USE OF TWO ATOMIC BOMBS ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI (AGAINST) Japan was close to surrendering. US was killing civilians
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066 Internment of Japanese Americans
REASON FOR INTERNMENT The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor made the US government believe all Japanese people were spies
DESCRIPTION OF INTERNMENT PROCESS Japanese Americans could only carry hand luggage and were sent to internment camps in Western states.
APOLOGY/REPARATIONS There was originally no reparations, however, in 1988 Congress considered a bill to pay any surviving Japanese Americans $20,000
ROLE OF WOMEN Start working in factories, the work force, and the labor force (ex: Rosie the Riveter)
ROLE/TREATMENT OF AFRICAN AMERICANS Took military positions, fought in segregated units, & got involved in the war industry
OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION Rationing Program & Price Ceilings
RATIONING PROGRAM Limited the amount of goods someone could buy at the store
PRICE CEILINGS It increased the amount of inflation and set a maximum price on goods.
VICTORY GARDENS Gardens planted in backyards to grow fruits and vegetables for the family.
WAR PRODUCTION BOARD Supervised the conversion of industry to war production
CENSORSHIP The US government blacked out information that was important.
ROLE/TREATMENT OF MEXICAN AMERICANS Bracero Program - asked Mexicans to come to America in the war efforts. Discriminated.
HOW DID THE ECONOMIC SITUATION LEAD TO THE RISE OF DICTATORSHIPS? US and its Allies foreign policy after WWI was to isolationist and still insisted on receiving war reparations. Economic distress caused the rise of dictators as a distraction to their countries.
Created by: desilva13