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cset multiple subjec

cset multiple subject subset 3

QuestionAnswer
locomotor skills walking, running, galloping, skipping, leaping
gross-motor activities: whole body running, jumping
isometric exercises isolates specific muscle groups, common not to see visible movements since it is static, strength movement
fitnessgram measures aerobic capacity, body composition, and muscle fitness
fine motor skills small muscle movements; generally associated with fingers in coordination with eyes
obesity 95th percentile
overweight 85th-95th percentile
social aspect of p.e. to promote risk taking in a safe and supportive environment
when should competitive games be introduced? 8th grades
earlier grades should emphasize... personal growth, health and sports related fitness, healthy lifestyle choices
what are american originated sports? volleyball, basketball, american football
proprioception body awareness, how the body senses itself
exercises that encourage proprioception? shape, quality, space, exploring
locomotor skills basic movements performed in different directions and at different speeds. expected at the end of 2nd grade: sequential motor skills; upper grades: combining locomotor skils and manipulation skills.
examples of locomotor skills jumping, skipping, galloping, sliding
jumping action: leap with both feet and land on both feet, knees bend at the landing to absorb shock, arms can be used to create an upward momentum and downward motion to help with balance
skipping series of step-hops completed with alternate feet. take a step and small hop on the same foot, shift to other foot. goal is smoothness and rhythm rather than speed and distance
galloping forward directional movement. action: lead foot steps forward, back foot steps up to meet leading foot.
sliding movement on one side of the body, one count movement. action: balls of the foot while shifting weight from leading foot to trailing foot
nonlocomotor skills static movements; massive moments performed while standing in place. ex: twisting, turning, stretching
twisting rotation of body part around its long axis
pushing controlled forceful action performed against an obejct while applying force
object manipulation skills complex motor patterns basic to specialized sports and are performed with some kind of object, requires hand-eye or foot-eye coordination, and gross and fine motor abilities.
examples of object manipulation skills throwing, catching, kicking, striking
throwing movement force orginates from flexing the hip and moving the should forward while extending the elbow. object is propelled into space. begin with tossing and develops into throwing around ages 3-5.
catching using hands to stop and control a moving object. early stages may be difficult becausetracking the object requires mature hand-eye coordination. feat of being hit.
kicking striking action carried out by feet.
types of kicking (3) three types 1. punt kicking- ball droped from hands and kicked before it touches ground; 2. place-kicking- placing the ball on the ground and kicking while stationary; 3. socer kicking requires an extension of the hip to increase the range of motion
striking when an object is hit with an instrument such as a bat, racket, etc.
biomechanics physciological repsonses in the human body. contributes to the explanation and prediction of the mechanical characteristics of movement, exercise, play, an sports activities
motion newton's laws of motion apply to all movements. force, acceleration, and velocity.
newton's first law when an object is in motion, it will rematin in motion until there is outside force that acts upon it
newton's second law the relationship between an objects mass, acceleration, and applied force. continuity of movement is reponsible for the maximum force of velocity
newton's third law for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction if one object exerts a force on a second object, the second object exerts an equal force but in the opposite direction
gravity center of the human body.
friction resistence of motion of two moving objects
muscular strength amount of force exerted with muscles movements can be dynamic or static
endurance ability to sustain physical effort for long periods of time
flexibility movement of joints and muscles move through a full range of motion; helps prevent injury and improves posture
body composition proportion of body fat to learn muscule
cardio-respiratory (aerobic) CR endurance ability of the heart, blood vessels and respiratory system to sustain work by delivering oxygen and nutrients to the tissue of the body over a period of time
target heart rate 220 -your age * .70-.85
fitt frequency, intensity, time, type of activity
safe environment for pe physical environment (safety equipment, class size, supervision) + psychological environment: feel emotionally and socially safe
effective classroom management for pe promote student engagement, max. instructional effectiveness by carefully and systematically planning and providing the time and opportunity for learning to ocur
fitness activities should include warm up, instructional components, physical activity, cool don, and discussion/evaluation
avg physical changes that occur in children early childhood: rapid growth from infancy to early childhood; middle childhood: slow and stead growth; puberty: rapid growth spurts
gender differences boys peak at 13-15 yo; girls around 11-13
self responsibility promoting responsibility for one's self including self-appraisal
goal setting setting and achieving realistic, personal fitness goals
social interaction communication, cooperation, encouraging and praising others, practicing respectful criticism, accepting individual differences
group interaction fostering social concepts of supportive learning as a group team, form group decisions, respecting rules, exhibiting good sportsmanship
Created by: msanpedro54
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