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Review Standards 4-6

TermDefinition
18th Amendment prohibited the making, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment gave women the right to vote
21st Amendment Repealed prohibition
Civilian Conservation Corps Government program that hired young men to build and maintain state and national parks (New Deal)
Dust Bowl the name given to areas of the U.S. prairie states that suffered ecological devastation in the 1930s due to drought and misuse of farmlands
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insures the money that people put in banks (New Deal)
Great Migration the mass migration of African-Americans from the southern United States to the industrial centers of the Northeast and Midwest
Harlem Renaissance a time when Arican-American art, music, and literature became very popular throughout America (1920s)
mass media public forms of communication (radio/television/newspapers) that reach large audiences
New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt's programs and policies to aid economic recovery during the 1930s.
Prohibition the time that the 18th amendment was in effect making alcohol illegal to make, transport or sell.
Social Security Administration Gives monthly checks to the elderly who are retired or the disabled who cannot work (New Deal)
Albert Einstein German-born scientist who warned FDR about the possibility of atomic bombs
Allies the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) during World War II, a.k.a. the "good guys"
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II - aka the "bad guys"
economic interdependence when two or more countries need to trade with one another to meet their needs
Internment Camp Japanese Americans were put into these camps after the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II.
Lend-Lease policy that allowed Great Britain to borrow military supplies from the United States during World War II.
Manhattan Project A secret project by the United States government to create an atomic bomb during World War II
nation-state a group of people who share the same history, traditions, or language live in a particular area under one government
rationing Government limiting the amount of food each person in the United States could buy during World War II
arms race a situation in which countries that are enemies each try to build or collect weapons faster than the other can
Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case during the Civil Rights Movement that made schools desegregate, saying that "separate, but equal" was not acceptable
capitalism a way of organizing an economy so that the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) are owned by individual people and companies rather than by the government
Cold War the nonviolent conflict between the U.S. and the former U.S.S.R. after World War II
communism a way of organizing a society in which the government owns the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) and there is no privately owned property
Cuban Missile Crisis Tension between the United States and the Soviet Union over nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962
desegregation ending a policy that keeps people of different races apart; ending segregation
ideology the set of ideas and beliefs of a group or political party
Korean War War between South Korea (supported by the United States) and North Korea (supported by Communist China) from 1950 - 1953
McCarthyism the movement led by Senator Joseph McCarthy that was extremely opposed to communism and used unfair investigation practices in the 1950s
NATO a military alliance among the nations of Western Europe, United States, and Canada in which they agreed to help each other if attacked by the Soviet Union
OPEC an economic alliance, founded in 1960, to coordinate and unify the price and supply of petroleum products
passive resistance Form of protest that does not use violence
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling that said segregation was okay as long as things were "separate, but equal" in 1896
Sputnik 1 the first artificial satellite launched in 1957 by the Soviets that caused a great interest in science in the United States
suburb a town or other area where people live in houses near a larger city
United Nations an international organization that helps to solve world conflicts peacefully
Vietnam War the United States sent soldiers to South Vietnam to try and prevent communist North Vietnam from taking over the nation
9/11 The day al-Qaeda bombed the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and hijacked a plane that crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.
cultural exchange the exchange of ideas, music, fashion and other cultural elements through trade and travel
Desert Storm The code name for NATO's war against Iraq to liberate Kuwait. Also known as the Persian Gulf War.
e-commerce activities that relate to the buying and selling of goods and services over the Internet
economic sanctions Limits on international trade and finance that one country imposes on another for political reasons.
global warming the recent increase in the world's temperature that is believed to be caused by the increase of certain gases (such as carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere
NAFTA allowed free trade in North America - United States, Canada, and Mexico
pop culture the ideas, attitudes, and entertainment that spreads through the everyday life of a society
social networking The use of a dedicated Web site to communicate informally with other members of the site, by posting messages, photographs, etc.
terrorism the use of violent acts to frighten the people in an area as a way of trying to achieve a political goal
weapons of mass destruction Biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons capable of causing destruction over a large area affecting a large amount of people.
Created by: mrsgannon