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Ch 12. Vocab

Manifest Destiny The idea popular in the United States during the 1800's that the country must expand its boundaries to the Pacific
Mountain Men Frontiersmen living in the mountain wilderness
Rendezvous A meeting
Emigrants A person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere
Oregon Trail A trail pioneer traveled to Oregon
Stephen F. Austin Stephen F. Austin received permission from the new Mexican government to organize the colony
Tejanos Mexicans who claim Texas as his home
Alamo When Santa Anna's army reached San Antonio in late February they found a small Texan force barricaded inside a nearby mission.
Sam Houston The government named him as the new commander
Annex To add a territory to one's own territory
Battle of San Jancinto it was between Houston and Santa Anna where they battled and Houston captured Santa Anna. Santa Anna later signed a treaty
John C. Fremont An army officer, wrote of the region's mild climate and natural resouces
Rancheros Mexican ranch owners
Rancho Huge properties for raising livestock set up by Mexican settlers in California
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico gave up Texas and agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico
Mexican Cession Mexico gave California and New Mexico to the United States for the price of $15 million.
Gadsden Purchase A strip of land along the southern edge of a present-day Arizona and New Mexico
Fort-Niners People who arrived in California for gold in 1849
Boomtowns A community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population
Vigilantes People who take the law into their own hands
Levi Stauss Inventor of Levis, sold miners sturdy denim pants
Mormons Members of Church of Jesus Christ Latter-day Saints
Brigham Young The leader of the Mormons
Created by: mar.hernandez18
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