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Government Terms

Chapter 6-8

Bicameral Legislature A legislature composed of two separate Chambers
Closed Rule A rule of procedure adopted by the House Rules Committee that severely limits the ability of members of congress to amend a bill
Log Rolling The trading of influence or votes among legislators to achieve passage of projects that are of interest to one another
Reapportionment The allocation of affixed number of House seats to the state
Reporting Legislation The exclusive power of standing committees to forward legislation to the full House of Senate . Neither chamber can vote on a bill unless the committee votes to approve it first.
Executive Agreement A pact reached between the president and foreign government that does not require the consent of congress
Executive Orders Rules or regulations issued by the chief executive that have the force of law and do not require the consent of congress
Reprieve The Presidents constitutional authority to reduce the severity of a punishment without removing the guilt for those who have violated the law
White House Office and Legislative Affairs Presidential office that serves as a liaison between the president and congress. This office helps the president develop the strategy used to promote passage of the presidents legislative agenda.
Administrative Discretion The freedom of agencies to decide how to implement a vague or ambiguous law passed by congress
Devolution The Transfer of power and responsibilities for certain regulatory programs from the federal government back to the states.
Merit System A system of appointing and promoting civil services personnel based on merit rather than political affiliation or loyalty.
Policy Implementation The process of carrying out laws, and the specific programs or services outlined in those laws
Privatization The Process of replacing government provided services with services provided by the private sector
Senior Executive service Since the late 1970s, a defined group of approximately 7,500 career professionals in the federal bureaucracy who provided continuity in the operations of the bureaucracy from one presidential administration to the next.
Created by: Jmee Shiflet