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Important Terms

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QuestionAnswer
Land Capability Analysis Determines the requirements and cost of a development project by examining the land's geologic, hydrologic, and soil characteristics.
Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) CEQ manages federal environmental actions by supervising environmental impact assessments at the federal level and coordinating with federal agencies in creating environmental policies.
Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) Bodies and agencies who may be responsible for certain environmental cleanups. Maintained by the Superfund Enforcement Tracking System.
Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) HAP is a harmful pollutant that is not tracked by the NAAQS
Esker A long and thin hill that was previously covered by ice but now consists of sand and gravel.
Drumlin An egg-shaped piece of land formed by a glacier. The glacier flows along the long axis.
Moraine A rock and soil formation deposited by a glacier
Hydric soil A soil type commonly found in wetlands
Vernal pool A type of wetland that holds water only during certain seasons. although it holds no fish, it serves as a breeding ground for amphibians.
Tidal Range The difference between the water height at high tide and the water height at low tide.
Wrack The organic material (algae, plants and animals) deposited onto the beach at high tide.
Volatile organic compounds Organic compounds that evaporate very quickly, such as petroleum, hydrocarbons, and solvents.
Lacustrine An environment with lake-type characteristics, including wetlands.
Palustrine A non-tidal wetland possessing cattails, such as swamp or marsh
Limnology The study of lakes and ponds, and their biological, chemical, and hydrologic characteristics
Oligotrophic A deep lake containing a minimal amount of organic matter.
Littoral Describes a water zone extending form the high water mark to permanently submerged shoreline areas. These zones contain aquatic plants that are permanently rooted.
Sole source aquifer Supplies the majority of drinking water to a particular area. The EPA has designated 7 aquifers as sole source, which protects them against contamination.
Tributary A stream, subterranean, or above-ground source of water flow that feeds into a larger stream. A tributary may be intermittent.
100th Meridian The dividing line between east and west in the US. The East receives 20% more precipitation than the West.
Maximum contaminant level (MCL) The highest amount of a particular contaminant that drinking water can legally contain. For instance, 10 ppm (parts per million) is the MCL for nitrates in drinking water. 4 ppm is the MCL for fluoride in drinking water.
total maximum daily load (TDL) the highest amount of a particular contaminant that a body of water can contain while still meeting federal water quality standards.
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) Used in electrical transformers until 1976. It was banned in 1979 because it causes health problems and, if present, as a long lasting negative impact upon the environment.
Prevention of significant deterioration (PSD) Requires persons and organizations to make an application and to complete a review process before creating stationary sources of pollution in areas that conform to NAAQS standards, aka "containment areas". PSD is part of the Clean Air Act.
Empowerment Zone An area that receives tax incentives to locate businesses and hire local residents to empower an economically disadvantaged area.
Enterprise Zone An area where policies are implemented to encourage economic growth and development.
Land Suitability Analysis Developed by Ian McHarg. Determines the fitness of a parcel for a particular use. General area study. Understanding the potential and limitations of the land for a use as they are affected by multiple factors.
Created by: jlongabaugh
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