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Chapter 29

Civil Rights, Kennedy and Johnson

Plessy v Ferguson Supreme Court case where the court ruled that separate facilities for the races were constitutional as long as the facilities were "separate but equal"
Thurgood Marshall NAACP lawyer who successfully argued the case Brown v Board of Education and later became the first African American Supreme Court Justice
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Supreme Court case that overruled Plessy v Ferguson and declared that segregation (and "separate but equal") was unconstitutional
Little Rock Location of Central High School where African American students were refused admittance. Eventually, Eisenhower sends in federal troops to enforce court orders to integrate
segregation separation of the races. Was declared constitutional by Plessy v Ferguson ("separate but equal")
boycott a refusal to buy or use
Rosa Parks Refused to give up seat on a bus to a white man. Led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott
civil disobedience refusal to obey a law you consider unjust - a key tactic of Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement
John F. Kennedy President who promised a New Frontier and urged Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act
Lyndon B. Johnson President who pushed his Great Society programs and was in office for the passage of the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act
Lee Harvey Oswald Man who assassinated John F. Kennedy
Jack Ruby Man responsible for killing the man who assassinated John F. Kennedy
Martin Luther King Jr. Civil rights leader whose use of civil disobedience and non-violent protest brought attention to the conditions of African Americans in the South
Freedom Riders Protesters who pushed for integration of bus facilities. Were met with extreme violence.
George Wallace Governor of Alabama who refused to integrate the University of Alabama until he was forced to do so by federal troops
Freedom Summer During 1964, a time period when there was a major push to register African Americans to vote in the South. Was met with violence including the deaths of Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman
Selma to Montgomery March designed to protest the denial of voting rights for African Americans. Was met with violence including the deaths of Viola Liuzzo and James Reeb.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 Law that, among other things, gave the federal government the power to force local officials to allow African Americans to register to vote.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Law that made it illegal to discriminate against African Americans in employment, voting, and public accommodations.
Betty Friedan Wrote The Feminine Mystique that brought attention to the discontent with the 1950s image of the suburban housewife.
Cesar Chavez Worked for the rights of farm workers and was influential in the establishment of the AFW and use of non-violent protests.
Created by: mrfordglobal