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7th Grade History

Chapter 15

TermDefinition
Wilmot Proviso a proposed bill by Rep David Wilmot that outlawed slavery in any territory taken from Mexico
Free-Soil Party a political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
Henry Clay Senator from Kentucky that helped to draft a plan to settle California called the Compromise of 1850
Daniel Webster Senator from Massachusetts that supported the Compromise of 1850 for the sake of the union
Stephen A. Douglas Drafted a bill for governing the Nebraska Territory and helped get the winning passage of the Compromise of 1850
popular sovereignty people vote if their state should allow slavery or not
fugitive slave act law that helped slaveholders recapture runaway slaves
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" that portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral
Compromise of 1850 The plan that allowed California to enter the union and laws to settle the major disagreement between free and slave states
Terms of the Compromise 1. CA to enter the union as a free state 2. slave trade would end in Washington DC 3. Congress would not pass laws regarding slavery for the rest of the territory won from Mexico 4. a strict new fugitive slave law was passed
Kansas-Nebraska Act divides the territory into Kansas and Nebraska and allows a vote for slavery in an area where the Missouri Compromise banned it
John Brown led a massacre of proslavery people
Preston Brooks caned Senator Charles Sumner after Sumner insulted a relative of Brooks in congress
border ruffians people who rushed to vote illegally in areas
Pottawaomie Massacre Led by Jon Brown, in retaliation for Lawrence Kansas, they murdered 5 proslavery people
Bleeding Kansas civil war that brok out in Kansas over slavery….lasted for 3 years
3 candidates in the election of 1856 1. James Buchanan (Democrat) * won 2. John C. Fremont ( (Republican) 3. Millard Fillmore ( Know Nothing Party)
Republican party the political party that formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery in the territories
Dred Scott vs. Stanford 1856 Supreme Court case in which a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom because he had been taken to a free territory
Roger Taney Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Abraham Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas for the senate seat in Illinois
Harpers Ferry A federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt
What two things did the election of 1856 show? 1. The Republican Party was a force in the north 2. The nation was sharply split over slavery
Created by: HOMSSeminar