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Ch 12-13 Vocab

Vocab for chapter 12-13 in History

TermDefinition
Nativism prejudice against foreign-born people
Isolationism A policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
Communism An economic and political system based on a single-par government ruled by a dictatorship. (belief that government should have full control)
Anarchists people who opposed any form of government
Sacco and Vanzetti Arrested & charged with the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in south Braintree, Massachusetts
Quota system Established the maximum # of people who could enter the U.S. from each foreign country
John L. Lewis New leader of United Mine Workers in 1919, called his union's members out on strike
Warren G. Harding A good-natured man who "looked like a president ought to look." (became president in 1921)
Charles Evans Hughes Secretary of state (1921) urged that no more warships be built for 10 years.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Raised taxes on U.S. imports to %60 (highest level ever)
Ohio Gang included in the cabinet, the president's poker playing cronies who would cause a great deal of embarrassment
Teapot dome scandal The most spectacular example of corruption
Albert B. Fall a close friend of various oil executives, he managed to get the oil reseerves transferred from the navy to the Interior Department and secretly release the land to 2 private oil companies
Calvin Coolidge America's 30th president
urban sprawl The unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions
Installment Plan Enabled people to buy goods over an extended period, without having to put down much money at the time of purchase
Prohibition an era in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation on alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited
Speak Easies hidden bars and nightclubs that sold illegal alcoholic beverages
bootleggers People who smuggled alcohol into the country
fundamentalism A protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the bible are literal and true
Clarence Darrow the most famous trial lawyer of the day hired by the ACLU to defend scopes
Scopes trial A fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and in American society
flapper an emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day.
double standard a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women-required women to observe stricter standards of behavior than men did.
Charles A. Lindbergh made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.
George Gershwin Fame was given to him when he merged traditional elements with American Jazz
Georgia O'Keeffe produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York
Sinclair Lewis the first American to win a Nobel Prize in literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald coined the term "Jazz Age" to describe the 1920s
Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
Ernest Hemingway became the best-known expatriate author
Zora Neale Hurston Struggled to the top of African-American literary society
James Weldon Johnson NAACP executive secretary, helped fight for legislation to protect African-American rights
Marcus Garvey an immigrant from Jamaica, believed that African Americans should build a separate society
Harlem Renaissance a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture
Claude McKay A major figure whose militant verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination.
Langston Hughes The movement's (Harlem Renaissance) best-known poet.
Paul Robeson A major dramatic actor, Performed in Shakespeare's Othello
Louis Armstrong Rocketed to stardom in the jazz world due to his talent
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington Jazz pianist and composer
Bessie Smith A female blues singer, was perhaps the outstanding vocalist of the decade
Created by: braden.nichols