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Danielle Easterday

Chapter 12 and Chapter 13 Vocab.

Nativism Prejudice against foreign-born people.
Isolationism A policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs.
Communism An economic and political system based on a single-party government ruled by a dictatorship.
Anarchists People who opposed any form of government.
Sacco and Vanzetti Famous victims of the Red Scare who evaded the draft during WWI.They were arrested and charged with robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard.
Quota System A system that established the maximum number of people who could enter the U.S. from each foreign country.
John L. Lewis The new leader of The United Mine Workers of America. He organized a strike on November 1, 1919. Was a national hero.
Warren G. Harding Was described as a good-natured man who wanted "normalcy" and brought words of peace and calm. Was a U.S. president.
Charles Evan Hughes Secretary of State who urged for no warships to be made for 10 years from U.S., Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Raised taxes on U.S. imports to 60%-the highest level ever.
Ohio Gang The president's poker-playing cronies, who caused a great deal of embarrassment.
Teapot Dome Scandal Was corruption against the government.
Albert B. Fall Secretary of the Inferior who secretly leased land to two private companies and suddenly received $400,00. He was found guilty of bribery and became the first American to be convicted of a felony while holding a cabinet post.
Calvin Coolridge The new president who fit into the pro-business spirit of the 1920's very well.
Urban Sprawl the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions.
Installment Plan Enabled people to buy goods over an extended period without having to put down too much money at the time of the purchase.
Prohibition The manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited.
Speakeasies Underground or hidden saloons and nightclubs where drinkers could obtain liquor illegally. Many spoke quietly or "easily" to avoid detection.
Bootleggers People who smuggled liquor in the legs of their boots and got it from Canada, Cuba, and the West Indies.
Fundamentalism The Protestant movement in which fundamentalists believed everything the Bible said. The Bible was supposed to be taken literally.
Clarence Darrow The most famous trial lawyer, defended Scopes.
Scopes Trial Was a fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and American Society.
Flapper An emancipated young woman who embraced new fashions and urban attitudes of the day.
Double Standard A set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to woman and required women to observe stricter standards of behavior than men did.
Charles A. Lindbergh A small-town pilot who made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.
George Gershwin Was a concert music composer who merged traditional elements with American Jazz.
Georgia O'Keeffe Produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York.
Sinclair Lewis The first American to win a Nobel Prize in literature, and was among the era's most outspoken critics.
F. Scott Fitzgerald Came up with the term "Jazz Age" to describe the 1920's.
Edna St. Vincent Millay Wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints.
Ernest Hemingway Was the best-known expatriate author.
Zora Neale Hurston A girl in Eatonville, Florida who struggled to the top of African-American literary society.
James Weldon Johnson Poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary who organized the fight for legislation to protect African-American rights.
Marcus Garvey An immigrant from Jamaica who believed that African Americans should build a separate society.
Harlem Renaissance A literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture.
Claude McKay Was a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant who was a major figure and whose militant verses urged African-Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination.
Langston Hughes Was the movement's best-known poet.
Paul Robeson The son of a one-time slave who became a major dramatic actor.
Louis Armstrong A young trumpet player who was famous for his astounding sense of rhythm and his ability to improvise.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington A jazz pianist and composer who led to a 10-piece orchestra.
Bessie Smith A female blues singer who was the outstanding vocalist of the decade.
Created by: soccerdani15