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Rachel Berlin

Chapter 12 and 13

Nativism Prejudice against foreign-born people.
Isolationism A policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs.
Communism An economic and political system based on a single-party government ruled by a dictatorship .
Anarchists People who oppose any form of government.
Sacco and Vanzetti Both were Italian immigrants and anarchists; both had evaded the draft during World War I.
Quota system Established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country.
John L. Lewis New leader of the United Mine Workers. Called his labor unions out on strike.
Warren G. Harding described as a good-natured man who "looked like a president ought to look" he assumed presidency in 1921.
Charles Evans Hughes Urged that no more warships be built for ten years. He suggested that the five major naval powers (U.S. GB Japan France Italy) scrap many of their largest warships.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff raised taxes on U.S. imports to 60 percent- the highest level ever. the tax protected u.s. businesses- from foreign competition.
Ohio Gang the presidents poker-playing cronies.
Teapot Dome scandal the government had set aside oil-rich public lands for use by the u.s. navy.
Albert B. Fall managed to get the oil reserves transferred from the navy to the interior department.
Calvin Coolidge fit into the pro-business spirit of the 1920s very well.
Urban sprawl cities spread in all directions.
Installment Plan enabled people to buy goods over an extended period.
Prohibition manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic drinks were legally prohibited.
Speakeasy to obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden saloons and nightclubs known as speakeasies.
Bootlegger smuggled alcohol in from other countries.
Fundamentalism the protestant movement grounded in literal or non symbolic interpretation of the bible
Clarence Darrow the most famous trail lawyer of the day. Defended scopes.
Scopes trail fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and in the american society.
flapper an emancipated young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day.
double standard a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women.
Charles A Lindbergh made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.
George Gershwin Merged traditional elements with american jazz.
Georgia O'Keeffe produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York.
Sinclair Lewis the first american to win the noble prize in literature.
F. Scott Fitzgerald coined the term "Jazz age" to describe the 1920s
Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints.
Ernest Hemingway wounded in world war I became the best known expatriate author.
Zora Neale Hurston was in a traveling theater company and attended Howard University.
James Weldon Johnson poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary.
Marcus Garvey an immigrant from Jamaica believed that African Americans should build a separate society.
Harlem Renaissance a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture.
Claude McKay Langston urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination.
Paul Robeson son of a former slave, became a major dramatic actor.
Louis Armstrong a young trumpet player, his talent rocketed him to stardom in the jazz world.
Duke Ellington a jazz pianist and composer, led his ten-piece orchestra at the cotton club.
Bessie Smith a female blues singer, was perhaps the outstanding vocalists of the decade.
Langston Hughes the movements best known poet.
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