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Chapter 10 Test

Hon. World History

What is a Patrician? a wealthy powerful land owner
What is Bourgeoisie? the middle class including merchants, industrialist, and professional people
What was Magna Carta? "Great Charter" of rights King John was forced to sign by English nobles recognized that the relationship between king & vassal was based on mutual rights & obligations-monarch power limited (King can't have taxes without parliament consent)
What was chivalry? code of conduct for knights that combined virtues of a good soldier with Christian values
What was common law? a uniform system of law developed in England-King Henry established common law-Single code of law for England-Henry increasing the power of monarchy & decreasing noble power
What was Parliament? the representative gov. that emerged; it was composed of two knights from every county, two people from every town, and all of the nobles and bishops throughout England (House of Lords & Commoners)-Limited monarchy power to get taxes & pass laws
What House did the Nobles and Church Lords form? House of Lords
What House did the Knights & Townspeople form? House of commoners
What did Parliament do? Parliament granted taxes, discussed politics, & passed laws
What is commercial capitalism? an economic system in which people invest in trade and good for profit
What was the Hanseantic League? European trade, mutual protection, for economic opportunity (100 or more people were involved)
What were the conditions in the Medieval Towns? City surrounded by stone walls-Narrow winding streets-Houses were crowded against one another-Cities were dirty,crowded,&polluted-More men than woman lived in the cities-Towns provided people with economic opportunities that did not exist on the manor
What did towns provide that manors did not? social mobility
Did the population increase in the High Middle Ages? YES
Why did the population increase during the High Middle Ages? 1.Europe was more settled and peaceful with little to no invasions 2.Food production increased 3.Changes in tech. to help farmers grow more food
What were woman in the High Middle Ages like? Woman could legally own Property-Most woman were controlled by their father/husbands-Noble woman managed lords estate while their husbands were away-Some woman did their own trade-Had no real independence
Why did Vikings invade Europe? They conducted raids (a hit and run style of fighting)
Why did the Muslims invade Europe? They were looking for people to expand the empire
Why did the Maygars invade Europe? They wanted to capture people to sell as slaves
What is Feudalism? decenturalized government or localized government where kings are weak & power goes to nobles and the lord. Nobles have power over fiefs which are divided amoung vasssals and an exchange of mutual oligations between lords vassels and peasents
Why was Feudalism complex? Feudalism was complex because vassals often owed loyalty to more than one lord and obligations were not always clear or written down
What were some improvements to agriculture? 1.Labor saving devices : harness the power of water and wind to replace human and animal power 2.the heavier iron plow (carruca) 3.Shift from a 2 field to a 3 field system of crop rotation increases the amount of land being used 4. Horses were used
What was a carruca? a heavy wheeled plow with an iron plowshare
What is the estate general? the legislative body in France until 1789, representing the three estates of the realm like parliament but does not have control of taxes-absolute power
What is a guild? an association of people in the same craft as well as for a group of merchants who sold the same type of goods
What are craft guilds? guilds that direct almost every aspect of the productions process (regulate production process)
What were some good things to come out of medievil towns? -People went there for freedom and economic and social opportunities-Go to town learn a trade and improve social status
What was the cause of Feudalism? ongoing invasions
What is manorialism? The economy on how people are serviving living on manors peasents producing just enough to survive
What was the royal power in England, France, Holy Roman Empire like? England:limited monarchy-France:absolute monochary-Holy Roman Empire: Germany & Italy no unified ruler and remained a collection of small states(The fighting between kings and popes that prevents the holy roman empire to having a strong centralized gov.
What was the relationship between lords, vassals, and serfs? Lords/Nobles:provide the fief, set up courts, and provide protection-Vassals:owe military service, serve in the lord’s court, & serve their lord on special occasions-Peasents:part of the fief, they do all the labor they work the land “pay” rent and fees
What is the difference between a localized and centralized government? -Local: power is split up -Centralized power in the hands of one person
What were the rights of the Medieval towns? -chose leaders-didn't have to serve in the military-can own property-can pay taxes
Where are the rights written down? on a charter
What were the results of growth and trade? People are more free independent in the cities
Created by: sossenkopp