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Olivia Adams

Chapter 12 and 13

TermDefinition
Nativism Prejudice against foreign-born people
Isolationism Policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
Communism An economic and political system based on a single-party government ruled by a dictatorship
Anarchists People who opposed any form of government
Sacco and Vanzettl Arrested and charged with murder and robbery with only circumstantial evidence
Quota System Established the maximum number of people who could enter the US from each foreign country
John L. Lewis New leader of the United Mine Workers of America protested low wages and long work days
Warren G. Harding Ohio Senator one of the least successful presidents
Charles Evans Hughes Urged that no more war ships be built for ten years
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Raised taxes on US imports to 60%
Ohio Gang The president's poker-playing cronies
Teapot Dome Scandal The government had set aside oil-rich public lands at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, and Elk Hills, California for by the Navy
Albert B. Fall Managed to get the oil reserves transferred from the navy to the Interior Department
Calvin Coolidge President that favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up, and businesses more available credit in order to expand
Urban Sprawl Cities spread in all directions
Installment Plan Enabled people to buy goods over an extended period without having to put down much money at the time of purchase
Prohibition During which the manufacture sale and transportation of alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited
Speakeasy Underground hidden saloons and nightclubs
Bootlegger Men who smuggled liquor in from Canada Cuba and The West Indies
Fundamentalism The Protestant movement grounded in a literal or non symbolic interpretation of the Bible
Clarence Darrow The most famous trial lawyer of the day hired to defend Scopes
Scopes Trial A fight over the teaching of evolution in school, science versus religion
Flapper a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and flouting conventional standards of behavior.
Double Standard a rule or principle that is unfairly applied in different ways to different people or groups.
Charles A. Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh became famous for making the first solo transatlantic airplane
George Gershwin George Gershwin was an American composer and pianist. Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known.
Georgia O'Keefe O'Keeffe has been recognized as the Mother of American Modernism.
Sinclair Lewis In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century
Edna St. Vincent Millay She received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1923, the third woman to win the award for poetry, and was also known for her feminist activism and her many love affairs.
Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations
Zora Neale Hurston Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
James Weldon Johnson James Weldon Johnson was an American author, educator, lawyer, diplomat, songwriter, and civil rights activist
Marcus Garvey Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH, was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements
Harlem Renaissance a blossoming (c. 1918–37) of African American culture, particularly in the creative arts
Claude McKay Festus Claudius "Claude" McKay was a Jamaican-American writer and poet, who was a seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance
Langston Hughes James Mercer Langston Hughes was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist. He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry
Paul Robertson Paul Laurence Adelbert Garfield Robertson is an Australian animator known for his pixel art and animation
Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong, nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana
Duke Ellington Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington was an American composer, pianist and bandleader of jazz orchestras. His career spanned over 50 years, leading his orchestra from 1923 until he died
Bessie Smith Bessie Smith was an American blues singer. Nicknamed The Empress of the Blues, Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s
Created by: olivia.adams