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Chapter 16 Vocab

Chapter 16 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Satellite State Independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation.
Cold War Worldwide rivalry between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Iron Curtain Term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet satellite states and Western Europe.
Truman Doctrine President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.
Containment Policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders.
Marshall Polan Foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after WWII.
Berlin Airlift Program in which U.S. and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade.
NATO Military alliance formed to counter Soviet Expansion.
Warsaw Pact Military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states.
38th Parallel Dividing line between North and South Korea.
Limited War War fought to achieve only specific goals.
SEATO Defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia.
Arms Race Contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons.
Mutually Assured Destruction Policy in which the U.S. and the Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another.
Massive Retaliation Policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression.
Brinkmanship Belief that only by going to the bring of war could the U.S. protect itself against communist aggression.
Nationalize To place a resource under gov't control.
Suez Crisis Attempt by France and Great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal and 1956.
Eisenhower Doctrine Policy of President Eisenhower that stated that the U.S. would use force to help any nation threatened by communism.
CIA U.S. intelligence-gathering organization.
Red Scare Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life.
NASA Gov't agency that coordinates U.S. efforts in space.
Smith Act Law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. gov't.
HUAC Congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the U.S..
Hollywood Ten Group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communists ties.
Blacklist List of persons who were not hired because of suspected communist ties.
McCarthyism Negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty.
Created by: cameronbal70