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Chapter 16 Vocab

1. Satellite State independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation.
2. Cold War worldwide rivalry between the U.S. and the Soviet union.
3. Iron curtain term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet satellite states and Western Europe.
4. Truman Doctrine President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.
5. Containment policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders.
6. Marshall Plan foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after WW11.
7. Berlin airlift program in which U.S. and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade.
8. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) military alliance formed to counter Soviet expansion.
9. Warsaw Pact military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states.
10. 38th Parallel the dividing line.
11. Limited War war fought to achieve only specific goals.
12. Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was a defensive alliance aimed at preventing the spread of communism.
13. Arms race contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons.
14. Mutually assured destruction policy in which the U.S. and the Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another.
15. Massive retalitation policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression.
16. Brinkmanship belief that only one by going to the brink of war could the U.S. project itself against communist aggression.
17. Nationalize to place a resource under government control.
18. Suez Crisis attempt by France and Great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956.
19. Eisenhower Doctrine policy of president Eisenhower that stated that the U.S. would use force to help any nation threatened by communism.
20. Central intelligence Agency (CIA) U.S. intelligence-gathering organization.
21. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) government agency that coordinates U.S. eforts in space.
22. Red Scare fear that communist were working to destroy the American way of life.
23. Smith Act law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S government.
24. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the United States.
25. Hollywood Ten group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties.
26. Blacklist list of person who were not hired because of suspected communist ties.
27. McCarthyism negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty.
Created by: erin_casey