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Chapter 16

The Cold War

TermDefinition
1. satellite state independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation
2. Cold War worldwide rivalry between the United States and Soviet Union
3. iron curtain term coined by Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet satellite states and Western Europe
4. Truman Doctrine promise to help nations struggling against communist movements
5. containment keeping communism contained within its existing borders
6. Marshall Plan offered economic aid to Western European countries after World War II
7. Berlin airlift United States and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade
8. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) military alliance formed to counter Soviet Union expansion
9. Warsaw Pact military alliance of the Soviet Union and its states
10. 38th Parallel dividing line between North and South Korea
11. limited war war fought to achieve only specific goals
12. Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia
13. arms race nations compete to build more powerful weapons
14. mutually assured destruction United States and Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building enough weapons to destroy one another
15. massive retaliation threats to use massive force in response to aggression
16. brinkmanship belief that the United States could only protect themselves from communist aggression by going to the brink of war
17. nationalize place a resource under government control
18. Suez Crisis France and great Britain attempted to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956
19. Eisenhower Doctrine states that the united States would use force to help any nation threatened by communism
20. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) United States intelligence gathering organization
21. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) government agency that coordinates united States efforts in space
22. Red Scare fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
23. Smith Act aw that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the United States government
24. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the United States
25. Hollywood Ten movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties
26. blacklist people who weren't hired because of suspected communist ties
McCarthyism negative catchword for extreme, wreck less charges of disloyalty
Created by: xMarinnax97