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US His 14

QuestionAnswer
Segregation by custom or tradition De Facto
Chief Justice of Supreme Court at the time of Brown v. Board of Education Earl Warren
Held to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks Montgomery bus boycott
Gave the US Attorney General greater power to protect the voting rights of African Americans Civil Rights Act of 1957
Refused to relinquish a bus seat to a white passenger Rosa Parks
Segregation imposed by law De Jure
Enforced the strict separation of the races Jim Crow Laws
Belief of members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans
Civil Rights organization that won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950's NAACP - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Pres. Eisenhower sent troop here to protect African American students Little Rock, Arkansas
Established by Ella Baker SNCC - Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Passed by Congress during Pres. Johnson's administration Civil Rights Act of 1964
One type of protest used by civil rights activists Sit-in
Sought to enroll at "Ole Miss" James Meredith
During which event did Martin Luther King deliver his "I Have A Dream" speech? March on Washington
Assassinated in 1963 Medgar Evers
What was Pres. Kennedy response to the riots caused by the desegration of the University of Mississippi? Americans were free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it
Why were many Americans surprised when Pres Johnson supported Civil Rights? He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters
Who ordered police dogs and fire hoses to be used against civil rights marchers in Birmingham? T. Eugene "Bull" Connor
Which civil rights act forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, sex, or national origin? Civil Rights Act of 1964
Who spoke at the 1964 Democratic Convention Fannie Lou Hamer
Addressed discrimination in housing, passed shortly after Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated Fair Housing Act
While in prison, converted to the religious sect call the Nation of Islam Malcolm X
Who formed the Black Panther party in Oakland, California Huey Newton & Bobby Seale
Appointed by Pres. Johnson to investigate the causes of 1967 urban riots Kerner Commission
First to use the term "black power" SNCC leader Stokely Carmichael
The first confrontation during the Selma march on the Edmund Pettus Bridge Bloody Sunday
What occurred shortly after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965? African Americans in several cities assumed public office
What happened in many cities after Martin Luther King's assassination? Riots broke out
What is an argument people used to prevent affirmative action? It would violate the goal of creating a colorblind society.
Policy that gives special consideration to women and minorities to make up for past discrimination Affirmative action
Malcolm X Radical African American activist killed in 1965-preached separation of the races
Effort to register voters in Mississippi Freedom Summer
Bus trip by CORE to challenge segregation in buses and bus terminals in the South Freedom ride
Ended tests to see if someone could read or write in order to vote Voting Rights Act
Worked to desegregate the University of Mississippi James Meredith
Tern first used by SNCC leader Stokley Carmichael Black power
Case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson putting an end to segregation in public places Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
african American lawyer who worked for the NAACP Thurgood Marchall
African American famous for breaking into major league baseball Jackie Robinson
Extended Fourteenth amendment protection to Mexican Americans Hernandez v. Texas
How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last? More than one year
What did the Kennedy administration agree to not do in exchange for the desegregation of interstate transportation. Arresting Mississippi activists
Most segregated city in America Birmingham
Signed Civil Rights Act of 1964 Pres. Johnson
SNCC claimed this happened to three civil rights activists who disappeared during Freedom Summer Murdered
Created by: sudokken