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History Ch. 28

History Kennedy and Johnson Years Ch. 28

QuestionAnswer
John F. Kennedy 1st President elected with television influence
Richard Nixon Republican who ran against Kennedy in the 1960 presidential race.
Fidel Castro
flexible response defense policy allowing for the appropriate action in any type of conflict
Peace Corps American government organization that sends volunteers to provide technical, educational, and medical services in developing countries
Alliance for Progress President Kennedy's program which gave economic aid to Latin America
Boy of Pigs invasion 1961 failed invasion of Cuba by a CIA led force of Cuban exiles
Cuban missile crisis 1962 conflict between the US and the Soviet Union resulting from the Soviet installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba
hot line direct telephone line between the White House and the Kremlin set up after the Cuban missile crisis
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Berlin Wall dividing wall built by East Germany in 1961 to isolate West Berlin from Communist controlled East Berlin
What strategies did Kennedy use to improve relations between the US and developing countries? He established the Peace Corps to create goodwill in developing countries.
How did the meeting in Vienna affect relations between Kennedy and Khrushchev? Tensions rose and threatened peace. Kennedy asked Congress to dramatically increase military spending. Khrushchev ordered the construction of the wall between East and West Berlin.
New Frontier President Kennedy's plan aimed at improving the economy, fighting racial discrimination, and exploring space
Equal Pay Act 1963 law that required both men and women to receive equal pay for equal work
deficit spending practice of a nation paying out more money than it is receiving in revenues
space race the competition between the US and the Soviet Union to develop the technology to successfully land on the moon
Warren Commission committee that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy
NASA created in October 1958 to explore space
Lyndon B Johnson became President after Kennedy's assassination.
Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination in public place and employment based on race, religion, or national origin
War on Poverty Presidnet5 Johnson's programs aimed at aiding the country's poor through education, job training, proper health care, and nutrition
Economic Opportunity Act law passed in 1964 creating antipoverty programs
Great Society President Johnson's goals in the areas of health care, education, the environment, discrimination, and poverty
Medicare federal program created in 1965 to provide basic hospital insurance to most Americans over the age of sixty-five
Medicaid federal program created in 1965 to provide low-cost health insurance to poor Americans of any age
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 law that changed the national quota system to limits of 170,000 immigrants per year from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 per year from the Western Hemisphere
Warren Court Supreme Court of the 1960s under Chief Justice Earl Warren, whose decisions supported civil rights
What were some of the rulings in Warren Court? separation of Church and State, rights for criminals, one man one vote
Created by: grantham10