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History Ch. 27

History Civil Rights Ch. 27

de jure segregation segregation imposed by law
de facto segregation segregation by unwritten custom or tradition
Thurgood Marshall He had been turned down by the University of Maryland Law School because he was black. Later he joined the law team that won Brown vs. Board of Ed. trial.
Earl Warren Chief Justice who decided that segregation in public education violated the US Constitution in Brown vs. Board of Education.
Civil Rights Act of 1957 law that established a federal civil Rights commission
Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger.
Montgomery bus boycott protest by African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, against racial segregation in the bus system
Brown vs. Board of Education trial that declared that segregated public school was against the US Constitution
What happened in Little Rock, Arkansas after desegregation? Nine African Americans were escorted to and from school while an angry "white" mob screamed at them.
Martin Luther King, Jr. a Baptist minister who led nonviolent protests against segregation and oppression.
Why did the struggle for segregation intensify after WWII? many African Americans went to war and fought for the US. They felt like the US was their country and they should be treated like it.
sit-in form of protest where participants sit and refuse to move
SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) grass-roots movement founded in 1960 by young civil rights activists
freedom ride 1961 protest by activist who rode buses through southern states to test their compliance with the ban on segregation on interstate buses
James Meredith air force veteran who won a federal court case that ordered the all white University of Mississippi to let him enroll as a student.
Medgar Evers civil rights activist that helped James Meredith win the right to enroll at a Univ. of Mississippi.
March on Washington 1963 demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights
filibuster tactic by which senators give long speeches to hold up legislative business
Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national origin
Freedom Summer 1964 effort to register African American voters in Mississippi
Voting Rights Act law that banned literacy tests and empowered the federal government to oversee voter registration
Twenty-fourth Amendment constitutional amendment that banned the poll tax as a voting requirement
Malcolm X African American radical who converted to Islam and became an Islamic minister, not ever fully accepting whites
Nation of Islam African American religious organization founded in 1930 that advocated separation of the races
black power movement in the 1960s that urged African Americans to use their collective political and economic power to gain equality
Black Panthers organization of militant African Americans founded in 1966
Kerner Commission group set up to investigate the causes of race riots in American cities in the 1960s
Created by: grantham10