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History Ch. 23-26

WWII and Postwar America Ch. 23-26

QuestionAnswer
totalitarianism a theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.
Joseph Stalin communist dictator in Russia
Benito Mussolini Fascist Party leader in Italy
Adolf Hitler Nazi Party leader in Germany
anti-Semitic prejudiced against Jewish people
Spanish Civil War A bloody conflict in 1936-1939 in Spain; fought by fascists rebelling against Spain's democratic government.
appeasement Policy of granting concession to a potential enemy in the hope that it will maintain peace.
Who did France and Britain pursue appeasement with in the 1930's? Fascist nations
Anschluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933
Munich Pact agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace.
Did the Munich Pact work? No, it only postponed war for 11 months.
Why didn't the League of Nations stop aggressive countries? It had no army, power, and US didn't join.
biltzkrieg "lightening war" that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy's territory.
Axis Powers group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in WWII.
Winston Churchill Britain's Prime Minister
Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the US if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships.
Tripartite Pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII.
Which American group wanted to support Allies during WWII? Interventionists
Which American group wanted to stay neutral during WWII? Isolationists
What shocked Americans into at least preparing to defend themselves? CBS reports made on television featuring bombing of civilians- grandparents, children, parents.
Lend Lease Act act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt tot sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the US
Atlantic Charter joint declaration made by Great Britain and the US during WWII that endorsed national self determination and an international system of general security
Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
Women's Army Corpse (WAC) US Army group established during WWII so that women could serve in in noncombat roles
What were some main causes of WWII? Weak League of Nations, Destruction of WWI, Fascist Leaders in Germany, Italy, and Japan, & Global economic depression
What event happened in order for US to declare war on Japan and the Axis? Japan attacked on Pearl Harbor
Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War II
Battle of Midway Turning point of WWII in the Pacific, in which the Japanese advance was stopped.
Executive Order of 8802 WWII measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
bracero program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
Why were Japanese Americans interned (imprisoned) during WWII? Japan and the US were at war, many people felt racist towards Japanese, they had no political influence, they usually isolated themselves from American culture.
Offic of War Information (OWI) government agency that encouraged support of the war during WWII
D Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
Battle of the Bulge Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops.
Albert Einstein Scientist that developed the Atomic Bomb
Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the Atomic bomb
Harry Truman
How did the US destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan? US pilots dropped an atomic bomb on them
V-Day Day US celebrates their victory over Japan.
Holocaust name now used to describe the systematic murder by the Nazis of Jews and others
Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews
Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) Organized attaches on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938
Concentration Camp Camp used by the Nazis to imprison "undesirable" members of society
genocide willful killing of an entire race, political, or cultural group
Death Camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners
About how many Jews and others were murdered in Germany during the Holocaust? Around 12 million people
War Refugee Board US government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
superpower powerful country that plays a dominate economic, political, and military role in the world
United Nations (UN) Organization found in 1945 to promote peace
Geneva convention international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
Nuremberg Trials trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
What were some effects of WWII? Japan and Europe lay in ruins, European colonies gain independence, cold War between US and Soviet Union begins, America becomes a World Power
General Dwight D. Eisenhower Supreme Commander who planned the D-Day attack of Normandy
General Douglas MacArthur Commander of US Army
Created by: grantham10