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US Policies

United States History Policies STAAR Test

Free Enterprise System The belief that businesses can operate competitively for profit with little government involvement/regulation;hallmark of American economic policy
Indian Policies late 1800's Resettle American Indians on reservations in western areas of US in order to make more room for whites in desirable areas
Indian Policies late 1800's Destruction of the buffalo and Plains cultures,assimilate children by removing them from families and placing in boarding schools
Indian Policies late 1800's American Indians were not granted citizenship until after WWI
Expansionism/Imperialism late 1800's Moving Us into position of world power by expanding influence, led to acquisition of Guam,Hawaii, the Philippines, & Puerto Rico
Expansionism/Imperialism late 1800's Sought new markets in new lands Spreading Democracy throughout the world
Isolationism early 1900's Us stance in both world wars that it was better to be isolated from world affairs than to be entangled in foreign conflicts; stems in part from Washington's Farewell Address
Prohibition early 1900's Belief that alcohol damages the moral structure of the country & was contributing to the decline of the US; decline of families & increasing crime & poverty
Prohibition early 1900's Led to the passage of the 18th amendment banning alcohol & was repealed by the 21st Amendment
The New Deal 1930's FDR's plan to alleviate the Great Depression through relief,reform & recovery efforts. Resulted in higher taxes for the wealthy,creation of various agencies & initiation of public works projects
Executive Order 9066 and the Internment of German & Italian Americans 1940's Fears of spies & sabotage, many German,Italian & Japanese Americans were held in internment camps during WWII as a measure to protect public safety
Truman Doctrine/Marshall Plan 1947 Post WWII military & economic aid to European countries so that they would not fall to communism; Truman said the US should support "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures,"
Truman Doctrine/Marshall Plan 1947 a cornerstone of American foreign policy since WWII
Johnson's Great Society 1970's Set of program's designed to eliminate poverty & racial injustice, including Affirmative Action, Title IX,Federal Housing Authority, Head Start & Upward Bound programs
Containment 1950's-1970's Containing communism to the few communist countries & preventing the spread of communism to others. Led to the US involvement in Korean War, Vietnam War
Containment 1950's-1970's Domino Theory - If one country falls to communism, others will follow; so, communism must be contained.
Reagan's Policies 1980's Reagonomics: Reduce government spending, reduce income & capital gains marginal tax rates, reduce government regulation, control the money supply to reduce inflation
Reagan's Policies 1980's Peace through Strength: encouraged a strong military to deter aggression against the US & its allies
Created by: PerkyPerk